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Demography Research Programme

Demography Research Programme

Background

Scotland's Demography Research Programme aimed to develop greater understanding of the key aspects of fertility, migration and ageing to inform the evidence base on demographic issues in Scotland.

The research programme, launched in January 2005 and completed in 2007, was co-funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and The Scottish Government, and was supported by the General Register Office for Scotland (GROS). Under the terms of the funding agreement, the ESRC was responsible for the administration of the programme, including the publication of final research reports.

The following six research projects, funded by this partnership initiative, addressed some of the key issues underlying Scotland's changing demography:

1. Macroeconomic Impacts of Demographic Change in Scotland - Researchers from the Universities of Strathclyde examined whether Scotland's declining and ageing population does constitute a serious problem for the economy.

2. Scottish Graduate Migration and Retention - Researchers from Edinburgh University identified the kind of graduates who choose to stay in or leave Scotland, and the reasons which underlie these decisions.

3. Scotland's Ageing Population - Researchers from Stirling University used new modelling techniques to consider how population ageing may affect a range of policy-relevant issues such as how the care sector may change over time.

4. Why is Fertility in Scotland Lower Than in England? - Researchers from the Universities of St Andrews, Essex and Stirling analysed the variety of factors which may be discouraging women in Scotland from having children.

5. Fertility Variations in Scotland - Researchers from the Universities of Edinburgh and St Andrews explored why fertility rates vary widely within Scotland.

6. Scottish Migration to, and return from, SE England - Researchers from the Universities of Dundee, Edinburgh and Strathclyde investigated why Scotland no longer experiences net losses of population by migration.