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Technical Note for Scotland Performs Indicators and Targets – National Indicator 40

This page relates to the 2007 version of the National Performance Framework. Information about the current version of the NPF is available on the Scotland Performs Home Page.

Scotland Performs National indicator 40 - Increase the proportion of journeys to work made by public or active transport

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Proportion of adults usually travelling to work by car

Associated Targets

Increase the proportion of journeys to work made by public or active transport

Brief Description

The indicator records the mode of transport by which adults say they usually travel to work. The target is a proxy for 'journeys to work that are not car dependent'. Reducing the need to travel by car is one aspect of developing sustainable places, whilst reduced car travel contributes to making places sustainable.

The indicator captures the combination of access and choice. Dependency per se is not recorded in this indicator.

Strategic Objective(s) to Which Indicator Relates

This indicator informs progress in relation to the Greener Strategic Objective.

The development of sustainable places with improved access and facilities for sustainable modes of transport will allow more journeys to be made by public transport, cycling or walking.

Increasing the proportion of journeys made to work by public or active transport may also make a contribution to a reduction in emissions, both global and local, from transport.

This indicator, at a broader level, also contributes to Safer and Stronger (through more sustainable communities), Healthier (through increased active travel and improved air quality) and Wealthier and Fairer (through reduced congestion and improved journey times).

More Detailed Definitions

Definitions of Keywords

The indicator covers employed adults (people aged 16 and over, whose current situation was described as "self-employed", "employed full-time" or "employed part-time") for whom a usual means of travel to work was recorded. The figures do not include people who work at or from home.

" Car" includes "van"; the figures cover both drivers and passengers.

The usual main method of travel to work is recorded if the method varies, or the journey involves more than one method.

Evidence Source

Scottish Household Survey. Percentage calculated from survey responses.

All else being equal, the smaller the percentage who travel to work by car, the lower the volumes of traffic and emissions, and the more attractive our public transport offer is.

Proxy for main indicator (Data Source)

It is a proxy for (the converse of) 'journeys to work that are not car dependent'.

Baseline and Past Trends

Baseline is 2006. Baseline value is 66.8%.

The percentage of adults travelling by car has been consistently around 67%. The latest figure shows 67.3% of adults travelling to work by car or van in 2010.

Methodology for Data Source

Each year's figure is based on a sample of between 5,000 and 6,000 adults who travel to work.

On the basis of the SHS's standard estimates of sampling variability, the 95% confidence limits around the latest change is +/- 2.3 percentage-points.

Data Ownership and Quality Assurance

National Statistics

Publication of Data

Transport and Travel in Scotland - August (Table S3)


Methodology for Recent Change Arrow on Scotland

Any difference within +/- 1.0 percentage points of last year's figure suggests that the position is more likely to be maintaining than showing any change. A reduction of 1.0 percentage points or more suggests the position is improving; whereas an increase of 1.0 percentage points or more suggests the position is worsening. See methodology note:


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