The Scottish coastal region is of immense and diverse natural beauty and environmental value. In addition, however, the coastal zone is a focus of major industrial activity, particularly in estuaries which offer sheltered coastal sections and low-lying land for development.
Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) is a multidisciplinary approach to the sustainable management of the coasts. It is all about co-ordinating how we manage the resources and activities in this environment.
In 2002, the EU made recommendations on the implementation of ICZM based around a set of core principles, that is: an approach that considers the consequences of human activities at the coast; is inclusive; fitting to local needs, and has national and regional backing. In Scotland, ICZM has been implemented by Local Coastal Partnerships. Marine Scotland Science undertakes monitoring, research and regulation on certain coastal activities.
Local Coastal Partnerships (LCPs)
- LCPs are voluntary partnership groups of localised interests and national organisations for delivering ICZM
- Based mainly around the major Firths or distinct geographical areas, there are currently seven LCPs in Scotland: CoastHebrides; East Grampian Coastal Partnership; Firth of Clyde Forum; Forth Estuary Forum; Moray Firth Partnership; Solway Firth Partnership, and Tay Estuary Forum
Scottish Coastal Forum (SCF)
- The Scottish Coastal Forum is a stakeholder group providing independent advice on coastal and marine management, with a particular interest in ICZM and LCPs
- The SCF works closely with the Scottish Government and participated in the Advisory Group on Marine and Coastal Strategy (AGMACS)
- For AGMACS, the SCF proposed a model to use the existing local coastal partnerships to deliver ICZM using Regional Policy Statements - a proposed mechanism to ensure all stakeholders can be involved in ensuring a balance of development, use and resource protection for the coastal and estuarine environment
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