Why are we willing to fund this outcome?
Raised bogs are one of Europe's most threatened habitats. They are made of several metres of peat, built up over thousands of years. A combination of agricultural improvement, tree planting and peat extraction has contributed to the loss of this important habitat. In Scotland, the remaining raised bogs are generally found in the Central Belt, the lowlands of the north east and along the Solway coast.
Raised bogs in good condition are open, wet habitats. They support a wide range of birds, plants and insects, and some of these are quite rare. Raised bogs also help reduce flooding because they hold excessive rainfall and release it gradually. In the long term, restoration of raised bogs can help in reducing climate change because they store carbon in the form of peat.
What will this package achieve?
This package will restore our bogs and provide a habitat for a wide range of wildlife, as well as giving some limited agricultural use. The raised bogs will once again become an open wet landscape feature with bog vegetation like cranberries and sundews. These plants are adapted to grow in the wet, nutrient poor conditions. Some bog plants have an agricultural value; cotton grass (often called 'bog moss') attracts sheep when it is in the early flowering stages. A wide range of birds including Black Grouse, Red Grouse, Curlew and Short-Eared Owl were once associated with raised bogs; it is hoped that these birds will return. Insects such as the Large Heath Butterfly and the Bog Bush Cricket, are quite rare and special to raised bogs.
The Options in this package will also create wetland habitat in surrounding arable and pasture land by raising water levels.
What you can do
You should choose which of the following Options will help deliver the outcome you have selected.
We suggest the following Options may all be appropriate.
Some Options - shown in the top list - will always deliver the desired outcomes. If you choose any of these Options, you will not be expected to provide any justification for choosing that Option.
Other Options - those in the bottom list - will only help achieve the desired outcome in specific circumstances. If you choose any of these, the application system will ask you to explain how you see this Option helping to achieve the outcome. You can select as many, or as few, Options as you think you will need. You must judge which Options will most effectively deliver the desired outcomes taking account of your circumstances.
These Options will always deliver the desired outcome:
These Options will help to achieve the desired outcome in specific circumstances:
Other support available under the SRDP
There may be other Options available under the SRDP to help manage your wetland. The Land Managers' Options scheme includes Options that may complement and support your proposals, for example, the Improvement of Rush Pasture for wildlife Option. This Tier 2 Option will create a mosaic of rush and open pasture on poorly drained in-bye land to encourage greater plant diversity and improved habitat for birds.