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Woodland Creation - Central Scotland Mixed Woodland (RP22301H)

This option is open to applications during the 2014 transitional arrangements, subject to State Aid approval.

Please see FCS Briefing Note 9 about Transitional arrangements during 2014.

Aim of this option

To create a single small scale mixed conifer and broadleaved woodland on a property.

Rates of Support

These are given on the Woodland Creation page.

Eligibility criteria

  • You must own or lease the land
  • If you are a tenant or contractual licensee, you must discuss the proposed application with your landlord to make sure it does not break the conditions of your tenancy or licence, and submit a Landlord Notification Form with your Proposal. You cannot receive final approval from Scottish Ministers for your Proposal without this form.
  • If you have a tenancy or a licence with less than five years to run you must complete a Landlord Declaration form and ask your Landlord or the landowner to sign the declaration on that form
  • If you are a tenant then you must ensure that you get your landlord's consent before you apply for grant to plant trees under any of the Woodland Creation options. You can download a copy of the Landlord's Consent form.
  • You must comply with the UK Forestry Standard
  • The minimum width is 15 metres
  • The minimum size is 0.25 hectares
  • Minimum Stocking densities at year 5, or when considered to be established, on the planted area (excluding mappable Open Ground):
    • Conifer at 2500 trees per hectare
    • Broadleaves at 2100 trees per hectare
  • The woodland is expected to comprise a minimum of 70% and a maximum of 80% mixed broadleaves, a minimum of 10% and a maximum of 20% conifers and a minimum of 10% and a maximum of 20% Open Ground will be allowed for management purposes.
  • Where the proposal sits within a "preferred" area within an Indicative Forestry and Woodland Strategy, and has good timber haulage routes, we will allow up to a maximum of 50% conifers within the Option boundary.
  • There is a presumption against planting on peat >50 cm deep. Any such areas must be mapped as 'other land' and will not be eligible for grant aid.

Revised payment period for Farmland Premium:

Please see the Farmland Premium Payment web page for important information about revised payment terms under this option for applications approved after 1 January 2014.

Planning Grant availability:

A Planning Grant, available from January 2012, has now been extended to more Woodland Creation Options.

May 2012 changes for all future Proposal Submissions:

  • Proposals for the Central Scotland Mixed Woodland Option will be limited to a maximum area between 20 to 45 hectares.
  • The Central Scotland Mixed Woodland Option will have a 20 Ha maximum area cap on individual Proposals within the CSGN area unless:
  1. The proposal also includes productive planting Options that will be designed in the same new woodland block as the Central Scotland Mixed Woodland option. (The 3 productive Options are Productive Conifer Low Cost, Productive Conifer High Cost and Productive Broadleaves); or
  2. Half of the proposal area is within the WIAT and/or CSFT areas that are within the larger population areas of the CSGN area as shown on the FCS Map Viewer.
  • Where WC productive planting Options are combined with the Central Scotland Mixed Woodland Option in the same Proposal, applicants could be eligible to apply for Central Scotland Mixed Woodland option areas up to a 45 Ha maximum area cap as follows; 

The total area of the 3 productive Woodland Creation options submitted in the proposal

The ‘allowable’ proposal area maximum for the Central Scotland Mixed Woodland Option


20.0 ha

Between 2.0 Ha and 19.99 Ha (Prod Blvs only) and between 5.0 Ha and 19.99 Ha (Prod Conifer Options)

20.0 Ha

Between 20.0 Ha and 39.99 Ha

25.0 Ha

Between 40.0 Ha and 59.99 Ha

30.0 Ha

Between 60.0 Ha and 79.99 Ha

35.0 Ha

Between 80.0 Ha and 99.99 Ha

40.0 Ha

100.0 Ha and more

45.0 Ha

  • The area cap applies to all proposals that have not reached “Proposal Submit” by 18 May 2012.
  • There is an annual programme target of 1000ha of the Central Scotland Mixed Woodland Option for 2012 and 2013 claim years.
  • There is no entitlement to have the use of the Central Scotland Mixed Woodland Option approved – all proposals will be considered on their individual merits.

Design criteria

You must use the following design criteria:

Intimate mixture

This mixture would be composed of groups of trees, which are too small and complex to be mapped. However, the groups of trees must be of sufficient size to ensure that both the conifer and broadleaf components will continue to be present throughout the silvicultural rotation. Groups of broadleaf species should number at least 16 trees.

Discrete mixture

This mixture would be composed of distinct areas of conifer and broadleaf species, which can be mapped. These distinct areas and any open ground must be delineated accurately on the contract map at a scale of 1:10,000.

Documents you must submit with your proposal

  • Maps

You must provide the following maps:

  • one that shows the woodland creation model boundary and fence types,
  • one that shows individual species (including eligible open space).

For advice on how to mark up your Woodland Creation Map please use the Woodland Creation Mapping guidance. For general mapping guidance and advice on standards and OS copyright please use the Mapping Guidance.

  • Forestry Outcome Plan

The Forestry Outcome Plan will ask for certain information so that we can assess your proposal. This will include:

  • How your proposal fits with the Regional Woodland Strategy, if there is one, and the UK Forestry Standard
  • How your woodland will be designed, planted and maintained, your justification for any fencing you require and details of any contact with neighbours about the proposal
  • If applying for Community Woodland Contribution, how the proposal will give the best opportunities for public recreation and how the area will be maintained
  • You must give details of any contact you have had with neighbours who might be affected by the proposals

Claims and Inspections

Initial planting may be inspected once we receive a claim for payment.

We will check that:

  • Planting accords with what was approved in the contract
  • Any fencing matches the specifications
  • 'Farmland Premium areas' are not being used for agricultural activities

If you claim maintenance payment we will inspect the area to ensure that the trees have been adequately maintained and are satisfactorily established* once we get your claim or at any time up to 10 years after planting.

Trees planted on non-agricultural land may be inspected after five years to ensure satisfactory establishment.

* 'satisfactorily established' means that the trees must be present to the minimum stocking densities specified, healthy, and in a condition capable of continued growth given no further weeding but subject to normal ongoing maintenance operations such as protection from inappropriate grazing by wild or domestic animals.

Technical Support

More technical guidance may be available to help you with the option you have chosen. This technical guidance is available on the FCS Technical Support page.

Additional Information


Link to page


Community Woodland Contribution

Available if you plant at least 50% of the woodland within 1 km of the homes of 2000 or more people.

You must satisfy additional criteria to be eligible for this contribution.

Farmland Premium

Definitions and eligibility for Farmland Premium payments

If you claim Single Farm Payment scheme on the woodland area then you cannot also claim Farmland Premium.

Planting in target areas

If you are planting trees in the Argyll Islands Woodland Partnership area or the Central Scotland Green Network area then increased rates will apply.

The higher rate of grant for capital items (initial planting, fences, and gates) is also payable for the three productive planting options on certain sites.

Short Rotation Forestry

Detailed requirements to grow Short Rotation Forestry for biomass


Standard cost rates for fencing are listed here. Please note that there are different percentage contributions depending on whether you are in a Non Less Favoured Area (NLFA) or Less Favoured Area (LFA).


List of links to relevant technical guidance

The Environmental Impact Assessment (Forestry) (Scotland) Regulations 1999

Support for Juniper Conservation

Support for Short Rotation Forestry

Forestry Commission Bulletin 112, 'Creating New Native Woodlands' (ISBN 0 11 710320 9). This is available to order from Forestry Commission Publications.

Developing native woodland habitat networks

Joint Agency Fencing Guidance