The minimum specification for disabled parking:
- You must provide a minimum of at least 1 disabled car parking space per 20 parking spaces. If you have less than 20 parking spaces you must provide 1 disabled parking space. Where physically possible allocate 4-6% of your available parking spaces for disabled people.
- Disabled parking must be located as close as possible to the main entrance to your building. Where physically possible, locate your disabled parking no more than 45 m away from the entrance. You can also provide disabled parking near other key locations that are a long way from your car park.
- There must be level access between the disabled parking and your building.
- Disabled parking must be clearly marked as parking for disabled people. Each disabled parking space must be clearly signposted, and either marked out on the ground or on a surrounding surface that the disabled driver can see.
- You must give consideration to the design of the associated features with the disabled parking space, for example hard surfaces, kerbs.
- When you are considering applying for funding for a disabled parking space you must consult your local disability group over the likely usage, location and design of your proposal prior to applying for funding. Include any supporting documentation from your group with your application.
- The minimum standard size of 4.8 m x 2.4 m for a designated disabled parking space must be used.
- There must be 1.2 m wide safety zone behind the car for boot access and cars with rear hoists.
- There must be 1.2 m wide marked access zone between the designated parking spaces; this may be shared between two parking spaces.
- In front of your disabled parking space drop the kerb or have level surface to allow access, you can also use a tactile surface.
- Where physically possible have an access route in front of the disabled parking spaces to avoid travelling behind cars.
Induction loops must only be fitted within buildings and must meet the minimum specifications contained within standard 4.7 of the Scottish Building Standards Agency Non-domestic Technical Handbook 2007.
Permanent wheelchair ramps
If you are installing a wheelchair ramp it must meet at least the following minimum requirements:
- You must consider providing adjacent stepped access near to the ramp.
- The ramp can be made of any material that fits into the landscape but must be of materials that remain safe for a period of longer than 5 years, if used outside. The material on the surface of the ramp must be non-slip.
- Is 1.2 m wide within a minimum unobstructed width of at least 1 m.
- Make the gradient as low as possible and in all cases this must be a gradient that is less than 1 in 12.
- If your gradient of flight - is not more than 1 in 20 there is no maximum length limit of flight.
- If your gradient of flight - is not more than 1 in 15 your maximum length flight must be 10 m.
- If your gradient of flight - is not more than 1 in 12 your maximum length of flight must be 5 m.
- You cannot have a gradient of flight that is more than 1 in 12.
- Ramp landings must be provided at the top and bottom of every ramp flight. The length of the landing must be a minimum of 1.2 m. You can include intermediate landings of 1.5 m every 10 m.
- Handrails must be provided on all stair and ramp flights. Where a ramp is longer than 2 m or where there is a change in level of more than 600 mm a handrail must be provided on both sides of the ramp, ideally the handrail should be continuous.
- Has 1,000 mm high raised kerbs to any open side of ramp or landings
- Take precautions to prevent the possibility of a fall where there is a difference in level between the edge of a ramp and the adjacent ground. You can include a landscaped maring, level with the edge or the ramp for a distance of 3,000 mm before starting to gradually fall away. Your can also include kerbed upstand of at least 100 mm high, on the open side of the ramp where the guarding meets the standard requirements. However, the use of a kerb upstand alone is not suitable for ramps in open landscaping as they prevent a potential trip hazard.
Portable wheelchair ramps
We will also support portable wheelchair ramps that meet the minimum specifications:
- The portable wheelchair ramp must be made of materials that are weatherproof and will last longer than a period of five years from their first use, when subject to continuous weathering.