Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED) is caused by a virus and leads to severe gastrointestinal disease in pigs. The presence of PED is generally signalled by an outbreak of unusual or rapidly spreading diarrhoea in pigs of any age. PED can cause high mortality in piglets, and loss of growth rates and reproductive performance in older pigs, therefore significantly reducing herd productivity, health and welfare. There is no risk to human health from PED.
Legislation to make PED a notifiable disease in Scotland came into force on 2 March 2016. However, the arrangements for reporting PED are different to those for other notifiable diseases. Suspicions of PED must be reported to the Scottish Pig Disease Control Centre (telephone 01466 705247) who will provide advice. There will be no mandatory restrictions or culling if PED is suspected or confirmed.
The symptoms of PED are different to any other notifiable disease. Suspicions of other notifiable diseases should continue to be reported to the Animal & Plant Health Agency as normal.
There are currently no reported cases of PED in Great Britain.
A new, highly pathogenic strain of PED has had a severe impact on the pig industry in China and North America, and in 2014 this strain was detected in the Ukraine. There have been no reports of this strain in the EU, but other, milder, strains have been seen in the EU pig herd.
Anyone in possession of a pig or pig carcase which they suspect may be infected with PED must contact the Scottish Pig Disease Control Centre by telephoning 01466 705247 and report their suspicion without delay.
The Scottish Government, SRUC and Quality Meat Scotland have produced a set of leaflets providing practical advice for pig keepers to prevent disease on their premises. These can be downloaded from the following links: