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Diseases - Foot and Mouth Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is caused by a highly infectious virus among farmstock. Cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and deer are all susceptible. Elephants, camelids, hedgehogs, rats and any cloven-footed animals can also contract it.

Foot and Mouth disease can be spread by:

  • direct contact with an infected animal
  • airbourne spread from an infected animal
  • infected material carried on vehicles' tyres and wheel arches and on machinery. This includes pick-ups, quad bikes, tractors, combines, trailers, any delivery vehicles, milk tankers, feed and fertiliser lorries
  • infected material carried on people, equipment, sheepdogs, scavenging animals and vermin.

Current Situation

There are currently no outbreaks in the UK.

Progress Report: Scottish Government's Response to the Foot and Mouth Disease Review (Scotland) 2007

The' Foot and Mouth Review Scotland 2007', published in 2008, made 55 recommendations to reduce the risk of a FMD outbreak and possible disruption from an outbreak of FMD in the future.

Since the publication of the review the Scottish Government has undertaken a substantial amount of work on meeting the recommendations. The 'Progress Report: Scottish Government's Response to the Foot and Mouth Disease Review (Scotland) 2007' documents what action the Scottish Government has taken in relation to the recommendations made in the 'Foot and Mouth Review (Scotland) 2007'.