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Commercial Animal Transport

Welfare of Commercial Animals in Transport

The Scottish Government's objective is to ensure high standards of welfare for transported animals; they should be treated in a humane and caring way at all stages of a journey. This requires well-maintained vehicles, designed with the welfare of animals in mind, and sympathetic handling by properly trained and competent personnel.

If you have any reason for concern about the treatment of an animal during transport please bring it to the attention of the Local Authority (normally the Trading Standards Department) or Animal Health staff (formerly the State Veterinary Service) at your nearest Animal Health Office. See Useful Contacts for details.

Legislation EU Animal Welfare during Transport Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 of 22 December 2004 on the protection of animals during transport and related operations and amending Directives 64/432/EEC and 93/119/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1255/97



The Regulation came into force on 5 January 2007 and aims to improve animal welfare during transport through raising transportation standards and in particular provides improvements in enforcement capability.

It replaced the Welfare of Animals (Transport) Order (WATO) 1997.

Whilst most of the animal welfare requirements remained the same as required under WATO '97, the key changes included the need for specific authorisations for all transporters moving animals over 65km, the inspection and approval of vehicles undertaking long journeys and driver competency certification.

The Welfare of Animals (Transport) (Scotland) Regulations 2006

These regulations came into force on 25 January 2007 and provide the necessary national legislation to allow for the administration and enforcement of the EC Regulation. They also provide for derogations (in respect of road journeys within GB which don't exceed 12 hours) from:

  • pigs requiring continuous access to water
  • the need for insulated roofs
  • the need to meet temperature requirements and the need for ventilation systems
  • temperature monitoring systems and navigation systems