The full version of the PEPFAA Code runs to well over 100 pages and is a technical document targeted at agricultural advisers and larger agricultural businesses.
A shorter version has also been produced, entitled the "Dos and Don'ts Guide". This is meant to be a handy source of day-to-day reference for farmers.
Each of the 2 publications is broken down into the following sections :
Section 1 - Introduction
This summarises the background, and sets the scene.
Section 2 - Diffuse Agricultural Pollution
This contains advice on how to minimise the potential harm that diffuse pollution can cause.
Section 3 - Soil Protection and Sustainability
This section emphasises the importance of good soil management practices.
Section 4 - Collection, Storage and Application to Land of Livestock Slurries and Manures
This explains that while slurries and manure are valuable sources of nutrients, great care must be taken to minimise any related pollution of water.
Section 5 - Non-Agricultural Wastes and Other Imported Organic Wastes
This section relates to reducing the potential pollution which can arise from applying organic wastes from (for example) sewage treatment, paper mills and creameries.
Section 6 - Nitrogen and Phosphorus
This concentrates on reducing the risk to watercourses and groundwater which can be posed by nitrate and phosphorus from fertilisers and organic manures. The section has 2 parts, one of which contains specific advice for farmers in nitrate vulnerable zones.
Section 7 - Silos and Silage Effluent
Silage effluent is a common cause of agricultural pollution in Scotland, and this section contains advice on its containment and application.
Section 8 - Sheep Dip
This emphasises the need for great care with sheep dip, as the chemicals used are highly toxic and can cause serious damage to the water environment.
Section 9 - Pesticides
Pesticides have the potential to harm the environment and wildlife, especially in arable areas, if not used correctly. This section contains advice on their safe use.
Section 10 - Disposal of Animal Carcasses
The disposal of carcasses on farm can cause significant risks to the environment and to the health of animals and humans. Advice is given here on reducing these risks.
Section 11 - Agricultural Fuel Oil
This section relates to the poisonous nature of agricultural fuel oil, and how to minimise the potential implications which spillages into watercourses can have for plant and animal life.
Section 12 - Waste Management and Minimisation
Advice is given on ways to improve waste management, including the reduction of waste at source.
Section 13 - Prevention and Control of Emissions to Air
This section relates to air quality. Agricultural activities can have an impact on this, for example through ammonia emissions and "greenhouse" gases.
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