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Paper 20th October 2005 - TTSAC(05)2


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1. This paper informs Members of the Committee about the development of the Scottish Executive's National Transport Strategy and seeks their comments and suggestions on the information which will be needed to inform and monitor the strategy and its outcomes.


2. In response to calls from stakeholders for a single national strategy for transport, the Scottish Executive committed itself, in the Transport White Paper, Scotland's Transport Future, published June 2004, to developing and publishing a new National Transport Strategy. The NTS will:

  • cover all modes;
  • cover all travellers;
  • be medium to long-term in nature;
  • provide the context for the Strategic Projects Review into our future infrastructure investment; and
  • be based on wide-ranging public consultation.

Aim and Objectives

3. We have the following aim for transport, as set out in the White Paper:

  • our overall aim is to promote economic growth, social inclusion, health and protection of our environment through a safe, integrated, effective and efficient transport system.

4. Our objectives are to:

  • promote economic growth by building, enhancing, managing and maintaining transport services, infrastructure and networks to maximise their efficiency;
  • promote social inclusion by connecting remote and disadvantaged communities and increasing the accessibility of the transport network;
  • protect our environment and improve health by building and investing in public transport and other types of efficient and sustainable transport which minimise emissions and consumption of resources and energy;
  • improve safety of journeys by reducing accidents and enhancing the personal safety of pedestrians, drivers, passengers and staff;
  • improve integration by making journey planning and ticketing easier and working to ensure smooth connection between different forms of transport.

5. These objectives will form the core of our thinking on the National Transport Strategy, and the Committee's views are invited on how these objectives might best be reflected in the statistics which may ultimately monitor the Strategy.

Timetable for NTS

6. The timetable for development of the NTS, as currently envisaged, is as follows:

  • August-November 2005 - range of pre-consultation stakeholder events
  • End 2005 - publish draft NTS for consultation
  • Spring 2006 - end consultation period, consultation analysis and amendment of draft NTS
  • Summer 2006 - final publication

7. At present, the NTS team and Scottish Executive analysts are engaged in three main areas of work: holding and writing up pre-consultation events; feeding those findings into the early emerging draft NTS; and developing the underpinning evidential base.

Consultation: events and draft NTS

8. A series of "pre-consultation" stakeholder events has been planned, with the majority now having taken place but a few still to come - see Annex A for more detail. These have been a mix of thematic events (such as the "growing the economy" and "sustainable transport" and "transport and health"); modal events (such as the one on walking and cycling and the planned events on buses and aviation); and regional events (in conjunction with the Regional Transport Partnerships). So far these have been very productive, well-attended events, and a range of helpful and thoughtful contributions to our understanding of the issues have been put across. The outcomes from these events are being used to inform the development of the draft National Transport Strategy. In addition to these formal events, we are also meeting more informally with a range of relevant groups and committees (including this one) to discuss issues of specific interest to them.

9. The draft NTS will be subject to a written consultation process towards the end of 2005 and early 2006. It is intended to issue it by the end of 2005, and there would be the usual 12 week period for written consultation responses.

Monitoring and review in the draft NTS

10. One of our workstreams in developing the Strategy is around setting in place mechanisms for monitoring and review of it. However, this work is currently at a very early stage, largely dependent as it is on the preparation of the core Strategy itself, so we are not yet in a position to be able to share emerging thinking with the Committee.

11. The intention is that the draft NTS which issues at the turn of the year for written consultation responses should have in it a section for comment on monitoring and review. We will ensure that all Committee members are included in the circulation list for this paper and their input in the form of written (or e-mailed) submissions would be very welcome indeed - both in terms of their specific consideration of this issue as well as of other aspects of the draft NTS.

12. Although we have no specific plans to consult separately - in event form - on issues around monitoring, review and statistics, we would be interested to hear views from the Committee on whether they are content that written/e-mail submissions in response to the draft NTS will be sufficient to allow interested parties to comment on these issues, or whether some form of face-to-face consultation/discussion (which would have to be in the New Year, after the launch of the draft itself) would have additional benefits.

Areas for discussion

13. Although it will be necessarily general at this stage, SE would find it very helpful to have an initial discussion with Committee members about the kinds of statistics that might be needed to inform and monitor the National Transport Strategy, particularly what might be the main two or three areas of statistics that SE should consider focusing on, for monitoring purposes, under each of the five key objectives for transport referred to in paragraph 4: economy, social inclusion, environment, safety and integration (many other statistics would, of course, continue to appear in Scottish Transport Statistics and elsewhere). It would be useful to discuss whether these are already available - and, if not, the ease with which they might be gathered.

14. The Scottish Executive's transport progress indicators will not be published in the form originally intended, but could assist as a starting point for the Committee's thinking about the monitoring of the National Transport Strategy. As an aide memoire, more detail on the shape of these indicators as they stood at the last draft is at the end of Annex B.

15. As we are at an early stage with this work, it would also be interesting to discuss the potential "shape" of a section in the NTS on monitoring and review: what must it contain, in the Committee's view, and what would it be best that it should avoid? What level of detail should it go into? What might it say about indicators and/or targets?

16. More general comments about the underpinning evidential base for the NTS would of course also be welcome, including areas where the Committee feels there are gaps in the available evidence or where there is relevant information that they consider should be fed in at this relatively early stage.

17. Finally, any comments relating to the National Transport Strategy itself which can feed into our present drafting process would be very welcome.


18. Members of the Committee are invited to comment on:

  • the key areas of statistics that the SE should be considering under the five broad objective headings (listed in para 4), for the purposes of informing and monitoring the NTS; and
  • what they would wish to see, and what they would not wish to see, from the relevant section in the NTS.

19. Additionally, comments are welcome, if the Committee wishes to make them, on:

  • issues that the SE should be considering relating to the underpinning evidential base for the NTS;
  • the National Transport Strategy as a whole; and
  • whether there should be face-to-face consultation / discussion of the "monitoring and review" section of the draft NTS, after it is published.





Themed Events

Growing a Sustainable Economy

5 September 2005


The Promotion and Delivery of Sustainable Transport

8 September 2005


Innovation and Research

14 September 2005


Rural Transport

9 September 2005


Social Inclusion in Urban and Regeneration Areas

22 September 2005


Transport and Health

15 August 2005


Regional Events


25 August 2005



29 August 2005



30 June 2005



12 September 2005


Central Scotland & Tay

Date tbc - probably early November


Dumfries & Galloway

15 September 2005


Mode Specific Events





28 October 2005 (tbc)



At Rail Strategy Stakeholder Forum meeting: date tbc



2 November 2005






Freight Strategy workshop: 18 August 2005



7 September 2005



1. This Annex reminds members of the SE Transport Progress Indicators, and the contribution that they have made to their development.

2. The work done to develop the Progress Indicators should provide a good starting-point for at least some of the statistics for the National Transport Strategy. Members of the Committee (particularly those who are on the "indicators" sub-group) made many helpful comments during the development of the Progress Indicators, and the Scottish Executive would now greatly appreciate their views and suggestions on statistics for the National Transport Strategy.

The first edition of Transport Indicators for Scotland

3. Members of the Committee will recall that Transport Indicators for Scotland was published in December 2002. It can be found on the Scottish Executive Web site, at:


(NB: if you look for it at www.scotland.gov.uk/transtat you will find it under "Related Areas" rather than "Publications", because it is not a Transport Statistics publication.)

Unfortunately, we cannot provide any printed copies, as the stock of them has been exhausted.

4. There are eleven indicators, some of which involve several different sets of statistics relating to the same indicator. They are presented in a series of graphs, generally showing the trends since 1995. In some cases, figures are not available for all the years. The document stated that such indicators may be expanded later, when more years' figures become available, to show the trends over several years. In other cases, no figures at all were available, and the document noted that the Executive would have to collect suitable data.

5. In summary, the indicators as they stood then were:

  • Road traffic volumes - major roads, minor roads, all roads;
  • Passenger journeys by public transport - bus, rail, air, ferry and HIAL airports;
  • Freight lifted - road, coastal shipping, pipeline, inland waterway, rail;
  • Road traffic congestion - figures not yet available;
  • Condition of the road network - residual life of trunk road surface (% in various bands);
  • Transport emissions - the levels of Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) and Particulates (PM10) measured at sites in the centres of Edinburgh and Glasgow;
  • Accessibility of local bus services - walking time to nearest bus stop for six different types of urban and rural area (% of households in various bands), "latest year" figures only;
  • Short journeys - modal shares for journeys of different lengths, "latest year" figures only;
  • Travel to work and school - modal shares for large urban areas, other urban areas and small towns, "latest year" figures only;
  • Road accident casualties - all casualties and child casualties, by severity;
  • Access to public transport information - figures not yet available.

6. At that time, the Executive said that it would monitor progress against these indicators, review them on a regular basis and publish an annual update on the Scottish Executive website, and that where it had not set targets and/or had a requirement to begin collecting data, it intended to further develop and refine the progress indicators over the coming 12 months.

Consultation on, and preparation of, the second edition

7. At its meeting in September 2003, the Committee discussed the indicators (paper TTSAC[03] 4). There was also a presentation on, and discussion of, the indicators at that day's Transport Statistics Users Group / Napier University Transport Research Institute seminar. Members of the Committee, the TRi/TSUG e-mail list and the ScotStat Transport e-mail list were then invited to comment on the indicators. Having considered the views expressed, SE Transport Statistics and policy colleagues met members of the Committee's sub-group on indicators and representatives of the Society of Chief Officers of Transportation in Scotland (SCOTS), and discussed the changes which the Executive intended to make for the next edition. We are very grateful to all who commented on the indicators, and particularly appreciate the time spent on them, and the advice given to us, by the members of the Committee's sub-group and the representatives of SCOTS.

8. The comments and suggestions made during that review showed that there was a lot of interest in the indicators and a desire to see many more. SE officials identified, for inclusion in the first update, those suggestions which appeared the most valuable and which could be implemented without any additional data collection cost. They were reluctant to expand greatly the indicators, because that would mean a loss of focus. There are many other publications and other sources of data on Transport in Scotland, and one can provide "pointers" to these.

9. A draft second edition was duly prepared and put to the Minister for Transport, but its finalisation was delayed by other matters, such as the development and publication of the Transport White Paper of June 2004. The Minister then decided that the next edition should appear towards the end of 2004, so that it could take account of points arising from the 2004 Spending Review. Members of the Committee will recall that Frank Dixon's e-mail of 25 June informed them of this, and offered to send them the Excel workbook which showed all the charts which were, at that time, intended for inclusion in the next edition.

10. In the Autumn, the draft was updated (where figures for another year were available), some more charts were added (following comments on the evolving draft), the indicators were discussed by the Committee at its meeting in November 2004 (see paper T&TSAC [04] 1 and the spreadsheet sent to members on 22 November), and further improvements were made to the indicators, following helpful comments from members of the Committee. Subsequently (as mentioned in Frank Dixon's e-mail of 3 February 2005 to Committee members), the Minister decided that the proposed second edition of the Transport progress indicators should not be published as it then stood. Instead, the main rationale for further monitoring of progress on transport would be the development of the Scottish Executive's National Transport Strategy (NTS). Meantime, SE officials would develop their thinking, taking account (wherever possible) of the views expressed by Committee members, and the consultation on the NTS (which would include discussion of monitoring issues).

11. For ease of reference, here is a summary list of all the indicators that were included in the most recent draft, as it stood around the start of this year:

  • Road traffic volumes -
  • for different types of road (major roads, minor roads, motorways, trunk A roads, local authority A roads and all roads) for Scotland as a whole;
  • total traffic for the four largest cities, taken together;
  • percentage of cars with only a driver (for commuting, shopping and all journey purposes);
  • average car occupancy (for commuting, shopping and all journey purposes);
  • Passenger journeys by public transport -
  • bus, rail, air and ferry;
  • air terminal passengers by origin/destination (within Scotland, other UK, offshore, international);
  • HIAL airports - terminal passengers;
  • average distance travelled per person per year by various modes of transport;
  • Freight -
  • lifted (tonnes) by road, coastal shipping, pipeline, inland waterway, rail
  • moved (tonne-kms) in total, within Scotland and outwith Scotland, by mode;
  • Road traffic congestion - at that stage, figures were not available; since then, SE has published the first Traffic Controller's report on congestion monitoring indicators;
  • Condition of the road network - residual life of trunk road surface (% in various bands);
  • Transport emissions -
  • the levels of Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) and Particulates (PM10) measured at sites in the centres of Edinburgh and Glasgow;
  • carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions allocated to Scotland in the Greenhouse Gas Inventories (road, rail, non-transport and total) - NB: estimates for some modes of transport are not allocated to individual countries of the UK
  • average CO2 emissions per passenger-kilometre for several modes of transport (NB: these are not Scottish figures);
  • Accessibility -
  • walking time to nearest bus stop for six different types of urban and rural area (% of households in various bands), "latest year" figures only;
  • frequency of bus service at nearest bus stop for six urban/rural area types, "latest year" figures only;
  • percentages of adults finding certain services (post office, bank, doctor's surgery, grocery/food shop, chemist/pharmacist, hospital outpatients department, public transport) "very convenient" or "fairly convenient", for 6 urban/rural area types, "latest year" figures only;
  • Short journeys -
  • modal shares for short journeys of different lengths;
  • average length of trip by purpose;
  • lengths of adults' journeys for particular purposes, "latest year" figures only;
  • Travel for various purposes
  • travel to work and to school - modal shares for car, walk, bus, rail, bicycle, other;
  • travel to work and school - modal shares for large urban areas, other urban areas and small towns, "latest year" figures only;
  • adults' journeys by purpose (e.g. commuting), "latest year" figures only;
  • adults' shopping journeys by main mode, "latest year" figures only;
  • adults' leisure journeys by main mode, "latest year" figures only;
  • Road accident casualties -
  • all casualties by severity;
  • child casualties, by severity;
  • numbers killed;
  • Access to public transport information - Traveline Scotland weekly average numbers of telephone calls and Website hits;
  • Scotland / GB comparisons -
  • road traffic, vehicle-kms per head;
  • road accident casualties killed or seriously injured, per head;
  • local bus passenger journeys, per head;
  • rail passenger journeys, per head;
  • road freight, tonnes lifted per head;
  • travel to work by car and by public transport, percentages;
  • International comparisons - Scotland, UK, EU-15 (individual countries and overall)
  • passenger transport - modal shares for car, bus/coach and rail;
  • road deaths per million population;
  • road freight - modal shares for road and rail.