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Exports are defined as direct sales to customers based outside the UK, including those to visitors to Scotland. The estimates exclude VAT and exports of goods are on a 'Free On Board' basis (i.e. excluding overseas freight and insurance costs). Therefore, goods that are sold to elsewhere in the UK and subsequently exported will not be included in these estimates.

Industry Classifications

Companies are classified using the 2007 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). Companies are defined by the activity of their largest local unit in Scotland based on The Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR).

Oil and Gas

Estimates of Scottish exports do not include any exports of oil and gas extracted from the UK continental shelf, and so exclude companies classified as 'Extraction of crude petroleum' [SIC (2007) 6.1] and 'Extraction of natural gas' [SIC (2007) 6.2]. 

Exports of services provided to the oil and gas industry are included under 'Support activities for petroleum and natural gas extraction' [SIC (2007) 9.1], 'Support activities for other mining and quarrying' [SIC (2007) 9.9] and 'Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis' [SIC (2007) 71].

The Scottish Government has published experimental estimates of the value of exports of oil and gas and the offshore economy: