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Innovation and Research & Development - R&D Business Expenditure

High Level Summary of Statistics Trend Last update: December, 2018

R&D Business Expenditure

Scottish Business Enterprise Research & Development (BERD) expenditure was £1.247 billion in 2017, up by 13.9% in real terms compared to 2016 figures. UK expenditure increased by 2.9% in real terms over this period.

BERD expenditure was 0.80% of Scottish GDP in 2017, the comparable figure was 1.15% for the UK.

Within the UK, a high share of BERD expenditure takes place within the South East (20.5%) and the East of England (19.7%) regions, which together are responsible for 40.3% of all R&D expenditure in the UK. Scottish BERD expenditure represents 5.3% of the UK total of £23.7 billion. In terms of expenditure as a percentage of GDP, Scotland ranked eighth out of the 12 UK regions/countries in 2017.

The graph below shows how Scotland compares against other areas of the UK – in terms of BERD expenditure as a share of GDP.

BERD 2017

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Source: ONS and Scottish Government

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