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Gross Expenditure on Research and Development - Key Facts

Gross Expenditure on Research and Development 2017

  • In 2017, Scotland’s GERD was £2,529 million, 7.3% of the total UK GERD. Between 2016 and 2017, Scotland’s GERD increased by 8.3% in real terms, up £193 million, from £2,336 million in 2016 .
  • In 2017, total research and development spending (GERD) as a share of GDP was 1.63% for Scotland. Spending on R&D in Scotland increased between 2016 and 2017, from 1.53% of GDP in 2016 to 1.63% of GDP in 2017, an increase of 0.10 percentage points.

Business Enterprise Research and Development - Key Facts

Business Enterprise Research and Development 2017

  • BERD expenditure in Scotland in 2017 was £1.247 billion, this is the highest figure since the start of the series in 2001. Scottish BERD expenditure represented 5.3% of the UK total of £23.7 billion in 2017.
  • Between 2016 and 2017, Scottish BERD expenditure increased by 13.9% in real terms; UK expenditure increased by 2.9% in real terms over this period. 
  • Between 2007 and 2017, Scottish BERD expenditure increased by 93.6% in real terms; UK expenditure increased by 27.2% over this period.
  • BERD expenditure was 0.80% of Scottish GDP in 2017, the comparable figure was 1.15% for the UK in 2017.
  • In 2017, BERD expenditure in Scotland was predominantly split between Manufacturing products (£594 million or 47.6%), and Services products (£560 million or 44.9%), with ‘Other’ product groups (£94 million), such as ‘Extractive Industries’, comprising the remaining 7.5%.
  • BERD expenditure on Services products increased by 47.4% (+£180 million) in real terms between 2016 and 2017, whereas expenditure on Manufacturing products decreased by 1.2% (-£7.4 million) and expenditure on ‘Other’ products decreased by 17.6% (-£20.1 million).
  • Businesses in Scotland employed 13,178 R&D staff in 2017, up from 12,547 in 2016, an increase of 5.0%.  BERD employment is now at its highest level since the series began in 2001, when R&D employment stood at 7,210.

 

Higher Education Research and Development - Key Facts

Higher Education Research and Development 2017

  • In Scotland, HERD spend was £1,072 million in 2017, 2.9% higher (£31 million) in real terms than it was in 2016.
  • Scotland’s Higher Education R&D as a percentage of GDP (0.69%) ranked top out of the twelve UK countries/regions, and ranked seventh in the OECD.

Government Expenditure on Research and Development - Key Facts

Government Expenditure on Research and Development 2017

  • In 2017, GovERD in Scotland was £171 million, 3.6% (£6 million) higher in real terms than in 2016, and 7.8% of the total GovERD in the UK.
  • GovERD as a percentage of GDP was 0.11% for both Scotland and the UK in 2017.

Private Non-Profit Expenditure on Research and Development - Key Facts

Private Non-Profit Expenditure on Research and Development 2017

  • In Scotland, PNP R&D spend was £39 million in 2017, 5.2% of the UK total and 0.03% of GDP. Between 2016 and 2017, Scotland’s PNP R&D spend increased by 16.0% (£5 million).