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Business Enterprise Research and Development - Key Facts

Business Enterprise Research and Development 2017

  • BERD expenditure in Scotland in 2017 was £1.247 billion, this is the highest figure since the start of the series in 2001. Scottish BERD expenditure represented 5.3% of the UK total of £23.7 billion in 2017.
  • Between 2016 and 2017, Scottish BERD expenditure increased by 13.9% in real terms; UK expenditure increased by 2.9% in real terms over this period. 
  • Between 2007 and 2017, Scottish BERD expenditure increased by 93.6% in real terms; UK expenditure increased by 27.2% over this period.
  • BERD expenditure was 0.80% of Scottish GDP in 2017, the comparable figure was 1.15% for the UK in 2017.
  • In 2017, BERD expenditure in Scotland was predominantly split between Manufacturing products (£594 million or 47.6%), and Services products (£560 million or 44.9%), with ‘Other’ product groups (£94 million), such as ‘Extractive Industries’, comprising the remaining 7.5%.
  • BERD expenditure on Services products increased by 47.4% (+£180 million) in real terms between 2016 and 2017, whereas expenditure on Manufacturing products decreased by 1.2% (-£7.4 million) and expenditure on ‘Other’ products decreased by 17.6% (-£20.1 million).
  • Businesses in Scotland employed 13,178 R&D staff in 2017, up from 12,547 in 2016, an increase of 5.0%.  BERD employment is now at its highest level since the series began in 2001, when R&D employment stood at 7,210.

 

Gross Expenditure on Research and Development - Key Facts

Gross Expenditure on Research and Development 2016

  • GERD in Scotland was £2,331 million in 2016, 7.0% of the UK total. In nominal terms, GERD increased by 4.5% between 2015 and 2016. In real terms this represents an increase of £50 million or 2.2%.
  • Scottish GERD (excluding PNP) was 1.54% of GDP in 2016, compared to 1.94% for the EU.  The gap in 2016 was 0.40 percentage points, which is 0.04 percentage points narrower than in 2015.

Higher Education Research and Development - Key Facts

Higher Education Research and Development 2016

  • HERD expenditure in Scotland was £1,061 million in 2016, 13.2% of the UK total. Between 2015 and 2016, HERD expenditure decreased by 4.9% (£55 million).
  • Scotland’s Higher Education R&D as a percentage of GDP ranks top out of the twelve UK countries/regions, and ranks fifth in the OECD.

Government Expenditure on Research and Development - Key Facts

Government Expenditure on Research and Development 2016

  • GovERD expenditure in Scotland was £163 million in 2016, 7.5% of the UK total. GovERD increased by 3.2% in real terms (£5 million) between 2015 and 2016.
  • GovERD expenditure was 0.11% of Scottish GDP in 2016; the comparable figures were 0.11% for the UK, 0.23% for the EU and 0.26% for the OECD.

Private Non-Profit Expenditure on Research and Development - Key Facts

Private Non-Profit Expenditure on Research and Development 2016

  • In 2016, Private Non-Profit R&D (PNP) expenditure was £35 million in Scotland, 5.0% of the UK total and 0.02% of Scottish GDP.