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Statistics

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Gross Expenditure on Research and Development

 

Gross Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD)

Gross expenditure on R&D (GERD) comprises that undertaken by the business, higher education, government and private non-profit sectors. Scottish GERD forms the basis of the National Indicator: Spend on Research and Development .  This indicator measures Scotland’s Gross Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD) as a percentage of GDP.

 

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Further information

What do these statistics cover?

Gross Expenditure on Research and Develpoment (GERD) includes R&D expenditure undertaken in the business, higher education, government and private non-profit sectors. The majority of the data presented here comes from R&D surveys conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).


What year do the tables relate to?

The latest GERD statistics present information on R&D performed in Scotland in 2017.

Business Enterprise Research and Development

 

Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD)

Business expenditure on research and development (R&D) is crucial to the competitiveness of Scotland's economy. It is considered to be a key determinant of productivity growth and economic performance.

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Further information

What do these statistics cover?

Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD) expenditure is the most reliable estimate of business R&D spending. The majority of the data presented here comes from R&D surveys conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).


What year do the tables relate to?

The latest BERD statistics present information on R&D performed by businesses operating in Scotland in 2017.