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equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Post
Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team
Communities Analytical Services
Scottish Government
1F North Victoria Quay
Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

Summary: Housing and Regenaration

Summary: Housing and Regeneration

For housing and poverty statistics see the Income and Poverty pages.

Age
  • Households where the highest income householder (HIH) is aged 60 years or more, have had continuously higher rates of owner-occupation since 2009. Whilst the rates of owner-occupation for HIH’ s aged 60 and over have remained relatively constant of late, the rates for the other age groups have been in decline, most notably for those aged 16-34. However since 2014 the rate amongst this group increased by six percentage points.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Housing (Last updated: September 2017)

 
  • Figures for sheltered accommodation have fallen from about 17,140 units in 2006 to around 14,216 units as of end of March 2017.

Source: Housing Statistics for Scotland - Housing for Older People, those with Disabilities and those with Supported Tenancies (Last updated: September 2017)

 
  • People aged 75 and over are consistently less likely to feel ‘very/fairly safe’ walking alone in their neighbourhood at night compared to adults as a whole: 75% compared to 86% respectively.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Neighbourhoods and Communities (Last updated: September 2017)

 
  • Homelessness is biased towards younger age groups.  For example,  in 2016/17 10% of main applicants assessed as homeless or potentially homeless were aged 16 to 19 years old.  However only 1% of households in Scotland are headed by someone aged 16 to 19 years old.  Similarly, 20 to 24 year olds make up 17% of cases assessed as homeless or potentially homeless, but only 4% of households are headed by someone in this age group.

Source: HL1 Dataset as at 23 May 2017

Note: Statistics for the Scottish population were taken from the 2014-based Household Projections for Scotland (Published: January 2017, NRS)

 

More Information

Age and Housing and Regeneration Page

Age Page

Disability
  • Social renters are more likely to have a limiting, long-term physical or mental health condition (42%) than any other tenure and the population as a whole (24%).

Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2016 (Last updated: April 2018)

 
  • Adults with a long-term physical/mental health condition are more likely to have experienced discrimination (9 per cent in 2016) than those without such a condition (6 per cent).

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Neighbourhoods and Communities (Last updated: September 2017)

 

More Information

Disability and Housing and Regeneration Page

Disability Page

Ethnicity
  • People who live in social rented accommodation are more likely to identify as being of ‘White Scottish’ ethnicity  than the population as a whole: 84% compared to 78%.
  • People in the private rented sector are more likely to identify as ‘White other British’, ‘White Polish’, ‘White other’ or ‘Asian’ than the population as a whole.
  • Only 59% of adults in the private rented sector recorded their ethnicity as white Scottish, which is much lower than other tenures and adults as a whole; 78%.

Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2016 (Last updated: April 2018)

 
  • The analysis of ethnicity within the homelessness data is slightly complicated by the fact that it also contains a number of cases where the applicant has been given leave to remain or refugee status.  These applicants originally came from abroad but are now lawfully present in the UK.  We therefore analyse the data in two parts – UK and EU nationals (which we compare with the Scottish population) and those granted leave to remain/refugee status.
  • There were around 27,000 cases assessed as homeless during 2016/17, who were entitled to apply for assistance as a result of their UK or EU nationality.   The ethnic composition of this group is broadly in line with that for the Scottish population as a whole.  The proportion of white homeless is around 91% in the homelessness data compared with 96% for Scotland. 
  • However, there are some differences within the white population.  The proportion of cases from a white: Scottish background is higher than in the population as a whole (82% compared to 79% for Scotland).  At the same time the proportion of white: other British - is also less than in the wider population (6% compared to 12% for Scotland). The proportion of Asian homeless is slightly less than in the wider population (0.8% compared with 2.3% for Scotland).
  • There were around 1,400 cases assessed as homeless during 2016/17, who were entitled to apply after being granted leave to remain or refugee status. Of these, 3% described themselves as white: other (and outside of the EU),  9% as Asian, 17% as Black and 54% as ‘other’

Source: HL1 Dataset (Last updated: May 2017)

Note: Statistics for the Scottish population were taken from the Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2016

 

More Information

Ethnicity and Housing and Regeneration Page

Ethnicity Page

 

Gender
  • Women are slightly more likely to rate their neighbourhood as a ‘very good’ place to live than men: 58 per cent  compared to 56 per cent.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Neighbourhoods and Communities (Last updated: September 2017)

 
  • Women are more likely to be long stay residents in care homes than men. In 2016 68% were women whilst 32% were men.

Source: Care Home Census 2016 (Published: October 2016)

 
  • Males were the main applicant in 54% of cases assessed as homeless or potentially homeless in 2016/17. Females were the main applicant in 46% of cases.

Source:  HL1 Dataset (Last updated: May 2017)

 

More Information

Gender and Housing and Regeneration Page

Gender Page

Religion
  • People whose religion is ‘other Christian’ (excluding Catholic) or ‘Church of Scotland’ are more likely to rate their neighbourhood as a ‘very good’ place to live (64 per cent in 2016), compared to other religions and the population as a whole (57 per cent in 2016).

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Neighbourhoods and Communities (Last updated: September 2017)

 
  • People who live in the private rented sector are more likely to identify as having ‘no religion’ (56%) than the population as a whole (49%).

Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2016 (Last updated: April 2018)

 

More Information

Religion and Housing and Regeneration Page

Religion Page

Sexual Orientation
  • 15 per cent of those who identified themselves as ‘gay, lesbian or bisexual’ reported that they had experienced discrimination in 2016, compared to only 6 per cent of heterosexual people. However the base size for ‘gay, lesbian or bisexual’ was fairly small.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Neighbourhoods and Communities (Last updated: September 2017)

 
  • People living in the private rented sector are more likely to identify as either ‘lesbian, gay, bisexual or other’ (LGB) than the population as a whole: 4.3% compared to 2.2%.

Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2016 (Last updated: April 2018)

 

More Information

Sexual Orientation and Housing and Regeneration Page

Sexual Orientation Page

Transgender

The Scottish Government does not currently have information on the experiences of transgender people in relation to housing and regeneration.

 

More Information

Transgender Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Specialist Provision Evidence Finder (July 2015) A resource collating policies, strategies, guides, statistics and research on the provision of specialist housing and housing-related services in Scotland.

Housing issues for older people in rural areas (2008) This think piece offers expert reflections on policy actions inferred from the evidence base on older people's housing and support needs in rural Scotland.

Social Tenants in Scotland 2016 (February 2018) A statistical compendium presenting an overview of social tenants and social rented housing. Covers age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexual orientation

Scottish House Conditions Survey 2016 (December 2017) Statistics from the Scottish House Conditions survey, including fuel poverty. Fuel poverty is reported for households including a person over 65, and by income

 

Housing Statistics for Scotland - Housing for Older People, those with Disabilities and those with Supported Tenancies (September 2017) A range of statistics about housing for older people, those with disabilities and those with supported tenancies is provided by both public authorities and housing associations (2001-2012). Includes analysis of housing that is very sheltered, sheltered, medium dependency, adapted for wheelchair and ambulant disabled.

Understanding Disabled People's Housing Pathways: Initial Insights (January 2016) Research exploring a small selection of one group of disabled people's housing needs.

Evaluation of Local Housing Strategies Co-Production Pilots with Disabled People (December 2011) Findings from an evaluation of two pilots using co-production as a method of working with disabled people to ensure their needs are addressed in local housing strategies.

Domestic Abuse, Housing and Homelessness in Scotland: An Evidence Review (October 2010) This review provides some secondary analysis of relevant homelessness and housing statistics to provide a more in-depth overview of the scale of domestic abuse as a contributory factor to homelessness in Scotland.

The Impact of Population Ageing on Housing in Scotland (July 2010) This study provides analysis of the impact of population ageing on housing in Scotland. This looks at issues relating to housing stock, support services, adaptations and further related questions.

Review of the Twice Yearly Count of Gypsy/Travellers in Scotland (March 2010) Findings of a review into the Twice Yearly Count of the Gypsy/Traveller population in Scotland, including recommended options for the future of the Count.

Review of the private rented sector volume 2: Views and experiences of tenants in the private rented sector in Scotland (March 2009) As part of wider SG review on the Private Rented Sector, this report looks at the views and experiences of tenants in the sector in Scotland. Covers age, ethnicity and gender

National Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes. Equality breakdowns illustrate how protected groups are progressing towards achievement of the National Outcomes, particularly ‘we have tackled the significant inequalities in Scottish society’

Where available, equality breakdowns of progress against these National Indicators can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading.

Improve people's perceptions of their neighbourhood, Data Tables (including Age, Gender, Disability and Ethnicity)

Improve access to suitable housing options for those in housing need, Data Tables (including Age and Gender)

Data

Data

Scottish Government Survey Data

SCORE - SCORE microdata are available on request from the Scottish Government subject to data users signing a data access agreement. Requests can be made to the CHMA mailbox

Scottish House Conditions Survey - The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish House Conditions Survey data. Subject to small numbers and disclosure control, it is possible to request ad hoc analysis of any of the housing variables on the SHS and SHCS by age, gender, disability and ethnicity and also religion in the case of the SHS. Data requests should be made to the SHS Mailbox or the SHCS Mailbox.

Scottish Household Survey - The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish Household Survey data

UK Data Archive - Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive

Scotland's Census

Scotland's Census Data Explorer - Download data, charts and tables from the 2011 Census

Future Developments

Future Developments

New Sexual Orientation Survey Question.  For the first time a question about sexual orientation has been included in the Scottish House Condition Survey (SHCS) and the Scottish Household Survey (SHS).  This question should allow an analysis of the housing circumstances of people with different sexual orientations.  The SHS question was asked of a random adult in the household but not all household members.  The SHCS questions was asked of the household member who responded to the survey.   First results are expected in Autumn 2012.  Subject to data quality checks and disclosure control, the new question should allow an analysis of the housing circumstances of people with different sexual orientations.  Data requests should be made to the SHS Mailbox or the SHCS Mailbox.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

Getting Behind the Statistics: Update for 2016-17 (January 2018) This report aims to consider the operation of these legislative rights through available statistics and identify what these may mean for policymaking.

LGBT in Britain: Trans Report (Stonewall, January 2018) Report based on research with 871 trans and non-binary people within the UK. It covers hate crime, discrimination, work, higher education, healthcare and housing

Trans Mental Health and Emotional Wellbeing Study (Scottish Transgender Alliance, 2012) A Scottish Transgender Alliance survey of trans and non-binary people living in the UK covering, mental and physical health, employment and housing

External Research Organisations

Housing Support Enabling Unit - Provides information and research about housing support in Scotland

Joseph Rowntree Foundation - Carries out research and analysis of poverty in Scotland and the UK

Scottish Women's Aid - Provides support, information and research about domestic abuse in Scotland

Shelter - Provides information and research about homelessness in Scotland

Statistics in more details

Contacts

Housing and Regeneration

Email

chma@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Post

Communities Analytical Services

Scottish Government

1F North

Victoria Quay

Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

 

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