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Summary: Religion and Income and Poverty

MoneySummary: Religion and Income and Poverty

  • People who are Muslim are more likely than all other religious groups and those with no religion to be living in relative poverty both before and after housing costs.
  • People whose religion is Church of Scotland have a lower relative poverty rate after housing costs (14%) than is found for Scotland as a whole (19%).

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (Last updated: July 2018)

 
  • People who are Roman Catholic (23%) or Muslim (18%) are more likely to live in Scotland's 15% most deprived areas when compared to other religious groups and those with no religion.

Source: Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (Published: March 2014)

Useful Links

Religion Page

Income and Poverty Page

​​Relative Poverty

Relative Poverty Before Housing Costs, by Religious Group

Relitive poverty religion before housing costs

  • In 2014-17, 38% of people who were Muslim were living in poverty before housing costs. All other religious groups had a relative poverty rate before housing costs similar to that found for the whole population (16%).

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 Last updated: July 2018)

 

Relative Poverty After Housing Costs, by Religious Group

Relative poverty ahc religion

  • In 2014-17, 45% of people who identified their religion as Muslim were living in poverty after housing costs. Those who identify their religion as Church of Scotland had a slightly lower poverty rate after housing costs (14%) than found for all individuals. All other religious groups and those with no religion had a relative poverty rate after housing costs similar to that found for the whole population (19%).

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (Last updated: July 2018)​

Area-based Deprivation

Percentage of each religious group living in Scotland's 15% most deprived areas in 2011.

Chart showing religious groups in Scotland by area of deprivation, 2011

  • Within the 'Christian' group, people who recorded as 'Church of Scotland' (12%) were much less likely to live in deprived areas than those who identified as 'Roman Catholic' (23%).
  • People who stated they had no religion recorded a similar proportion living in deprived areas to the Scotland average.
  • Of the other religions, Jewish people were the least likely to live in a deprived area (6%) and Muslim people the most likely (18%). Lower proportions of Buddhists, Hindus and Sikhs lived in deprived areas than the Scotland average.

Source: Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (Published: March 2014)

 

Proportion of each religious group living in each of the SIMD deciles. Each decile contains 10% of the data zones in Scotland, with Decile 1 containing the 10% most deprived areas and Decile 10 containing the least deprived areas.

Chart showing Religious groups in Scotland by SIMD decile, 2011

  • Those who identified as 'Church of Scotland' recorded higher proportions in less deprived deciles, in contrast to those who identified as 'Roman Catholic', who had higher representation in more deprived deciles.
  • Those who stated they had no religion were fairly evenly distributed across the deciles.
  • 'Jewish', 'Sikh', 'Hindu' and 'Buddhist' groups all showed a relatively positive pattern, with higher proportions living in less deprived deciles and relatively low proportions living in more deprived deciles. Only the 'Muslim' group showed the opposite pattern, with higher representation in the more deprived deciles. However this group had higher than average representation in the least deprived decile.

Source: Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (Published: March 2014)

Finances
  • At Great Britain level, Muslim and Buddhist groups appear to the lowest levels of wealth of all groups. However, this should be interpreted in the context of the much younger age profile of these populations.

External Source: How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (Chapter 12: Standard of living. Published: 2011, EHRC)

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Religion and Belief Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to religion

Financial Inclusion: A topic report from the Scottish Household Survey (2007) A summary of evidence about financial inclusion in Scotland using analysis from the Scottish Household Survey and other sources. Covers age, disability, ethnicity, gender and religion

Data

Data

Scottish Government Survey Data

UK Data Archive - Family Resources Survey and Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (EHRC, 2011) This Equality and Human Rights review aims to provide an authoritative compilation of the available evidence about equalities in England, Scotland and Wales against 40 indicators agreed by the Commission, the government and other key agencies. It brings together the facts about the experiences and outcomes in life of different individuals and groups. It draws on a range of sources including censuses, government surveys, academic work, and secondary analysis carried out especially for this Review.

External Research Organisations

Joseph Rowntree Foundation - Carries out research and analysis of poverty in Scotland and the UK

Poverty Alliance - Works to combat poverty, focusing on low incomes, services, participation and attitudes

Contacts

Contact Details

If you have any enquiries relating to Equality and Poverty Evidence then please contact us at:

Email

equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone

0131 244 3004

Post

Equality and Poverty Analysis Team

Communities Analytical Services

Scottish Government

1F North

Victoria Quay

Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

 

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