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Summary: Gender and Income and Poverty

MoneySummary: Gender and Income and Poverty

  • In 2014-17, 30% of single working-age women and 26% of single working-age men were in poverty after housing costs.
  • The poverty rate is closer for single working-age women and men, when only looking at adults without any dependent children. In 2014-17 the poverty rate for single working-age women was 27% compared to 25% for single working-age men.

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (Last updated: March 2018)

Note: Due to income being reported for households rather than individuals in the survey, it is not possible to produce a gender breakdown for couples

 
  • The national figure for the median gender pay gap in Scotland is 6.6% based on full time hourly earnings.

Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings 2017 (Last updated: November 2017)

 

Useful Links

Gender Page

Income and Poverty Page

Relative Poverty

Note: Due to income being reported for households rather than individuals in the survey, it is not possible to produce a gender breakdown for couples

Relative Poverty after housing costs for single-working age adults, by gender

Relative Poverty, after housing costs, for single working-age adults, by gender

  • In 2014-17, the poverty rate after housing costs of single working-age women, including lone parents, was 30% and 26% for men. Over the past ten years, the poverty rate has been slightly higher for women in most years.

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (Last updated: March 2018)

 

Relative Poverty after housing costs for single-working age adults without dependent children, by gender

Relative Poverty, after housing costs, for single working-age adults without dependent children

  • The poverty rate is closer for single working-age women and men, when only looking at adults without any dependent children. In 2014-17 the poverty rate for single working-age women was 27% compared to 25% for single working-age men.

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (Last updated: March 2018)

 

Relative poverty after housing costs for single pensioners, by gender

Relative Poverty, after housing costs, for single pensioners, by gender

  • In 2014-17 18% of single female pensioners and 11% of single male pensioners were in poverty after housing costs.
  • The rate for female pensioners has tended to be higher than that for men. The gap closed slightly between 2008 and 2014, but has since widened again.

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (Last updated: March 2018)

Gender Pay Gap

Gender pay gap in Scotland 2017

  • The national figure for the median gender pay gap in Scotland is 6.6% based on full time hourly earnings.

Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings 2017 (Last updated: November 2017)

national Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes.

National Indicator number 35: Reduce the proportion of individuals living in poverty, data table

- progress against this National Indicator, broken down by Gender, can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading.

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (March 2018) This publication presents annual estimates of the percentage and number of people, children, working age adults and pensioners living in low income households in Scotland. Covers age, disability, ethnicity and gender

Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (March 2014) This paper provides further analysis of equality data originally released from the Census by the National Records of Scotland (NRS). It pulls this together into a user friendly format providing new analysis and insight, particularly around deprivation. The main equality strands included in the paper are ethnicity, religion and disability.

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Gender Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to gender

Fuel Poverty: Evidence Review (2012) This report examines issues around the nature and measurement of fuel poverty in Scotland. It draws on data from the Scottish House Condition Survey (SHCS). It covers age, disability, ethnicity and gender

The potential impacts of an online delivery of Universal Credit - Welfare Analysis (2012) This paper includes a section on socio-economic characteristics of those who are less likely to use the internet. It covers age, disability, ethnicity, and gender

Tackling Poverty Board: A Summary of Evidence (2011) Research paper produced by the Tackling Poverty board. Looks at finances, geography and employment prospects. Includes age, disability, ethnicity and gender

Financial Inclusion: A topic report from the Scottish Household Survey (2007) A summary of evidence about financial inclusion in Scotland using analysis from the Scottish Household Survey and other sources. Covers age, disability, ethnicity, gender and religion

Data

Data

Scottish Government Survey Data

UK Data Archive - Family Resources Survey and Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive

Official Statistics

statistics.gov.scot - Explore, visualise and download over 200 datasets from a range of producers. Start browsing by theme, organisation, or geography. Or access programmatically using our APIs. A range of datasets are available that can be broken down by gender

 

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

Progress on socio-economic rights in Great Britain (EHRC, March 2018) An Equality and Humans Rights Commission report on the progress on socio-economic rights focusing on domestic law and policy; standard of living and social security; employment; and access to justice. This report includes analysis of child poverty, and the equality characteristics disability, ethnicity and gender. Note that this report focuses on England and Wales, and only includes Scotland for policy areas that are not devolved to the Scottish Government.

The gender pay gap in the UK: children and experience in work (IFS, 2018) An Institute for Fiscal Studies paper looking at the gender pay gap. It looks at the gender pay gap over a 25 year period and investigates the impact that gender differences in career patterns might have on pay, including part-time working

UK Poverty 2017 (Joseph Rowntree Foundation, December 2017) An analysis of poverty rates in the UK and how these have changed over the past twenty years. Some of the analysis is presented for Scotland separately. This report covers age, disability, ethnicity and gender.

Intersecting Inequalities: The impact of austerity on BME women in the UK (Women's Budget Group, October 2017) A report by the Women's Budget Group and Runnymede Trust with RECLAIM and Coventry Women's Voices. It contains the findings of an impact assessment looking at the impact that changes to public spending since 2010 have had for minority ethnic women

Poverty and Social Exclusion Survey (2014) an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) funded UK survey of the dimensions of relative poverty. The Scottish Government has funded a rural boost of the Scottish sample to enable better analysis of this rich data source. Analysis of the Scottish results by the Heriot-Watt and Glasgow University partners in the project were published in 2013.

An analysis on the impact of the UK Government's welfare reforms in Wales' (Welsh Government, 2013) This paper focuses on those with protected equality characteristics.

How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (EHRC, 2011) This Equality and Human Rights review aims to provide an authoritative compilation of the available evidence about equalities in England, Scotland and Wales against 40 indicators agreed by the Commission, the government and other key agencies. It brings together the facts about the experiences and outcomes in life of different individuals and groups. It draws on a range of sources including censuses, government surveys, academic work, and secondary analysis carried out especially for this Review.

External Research Organisations

Joseph Rowntree Foundation - Carries out research and analysis of poverty in Scotland and the UK

Poverty Alliance - Works to combat poverty, focusing on low incomes, services, participation and attitudes

Contacts

Contact Details

If you have any enquiries relating to equality and poverty evidence then please contact us at:

Email

equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone

0131 244 3004

Post

Equality and Poverty Analysis Team

Communities Analytical Services

Scottish Government

1F North

Victoria Quay

Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

 

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