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Statistics in more details

Summary: Gender and Crime and Justice

Risk of being a victim of crime
  • There was no significant difference in the proportion of men and women who were victims of crime in 2016/17, at 13.9% and 13.0% respectively.

Fear of Crime

  • Women were less likely than men to feel safe walking alone in their neighbourhood after dark in 2016/17 (67% compared to 89% of men)

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016-17 (Last updated: March 2018)


Useful Links

Gender Page

Crime and Justice Page

Characteristics of offenders
  • Looking at incidents of crime where victims were able to say something about the offender(s) (87% of violent crimes in 2016/17), more than four in five (84%) of violent crimes were committed by male offenders only.                      Victims were able to say something about the offender(s) in relation to 31% of property crimes in 2016/17, so findings on the characteristics of offenders should be interpreted with caution.  However, of these incidents, 69% were said to have involved only male offenders.

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016-17 (Last updated: March 2018)


Victims of homicide
  • In 2016-17, three quarters (75%) of victims of homicide were male with female victims making up the remaining quarter (25%). This has remained relatively unchanged over the past ten years.

  • In 2016-17, there were 48 male victims of homicide a decrease of almost half (47%) over since 2007-08 when there were 91 male victims. Over the same period the number of female victims of homicide fell by a third (33%) from 24 victims to 16 victims.

Source: Homicide in Scotland, 2016-17 (Last updated: October 2017)


Offenders and Prison Population
  • Males accounted for 83 per cent of all people convicted in but represented a higher proportion of all custodial sentences (92 per cent) totalling 11,656 men.

  • By contrast women accounted for 17 per cent of people convicted compared to a lower proportion for custodial sentences (8 per cent of custodial sentences).

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (Last updated: February 2018)

  • During 2016-17, the average daily prison population decreased by 1% to 7,185 for men, while the female prison population fell by 9% to 366.
  • The female prison population has fallen slightly, by 2% over the past decade, while the male population has risen by 3%.

Source: Annual and weekly prison population figures by custody type, gender and age


Reconviction Rates

  • Continuing a persistent long-term trend, males have higher reconviction rates and a higher average number of reconvictions per offender than females. The average number of reconvictions per offender for the 2014-15 cohort was 0.51 for males, and 0.44 for females. The reconviction rates were 29.2% for males and 23.4% for females.

Source: Reconviction Rates in Scotland: 2014-15 Offender Cohort (Last updated: May 2017)


 Domestic Abuse
  • Incidents of domestic abuse recorded by the police in Scotland with a female victim and a male perpetrator represented 79% of all incidents of domestic abuse in 2016-17 where gender information was recorded. Since 2007-08 this percentage share has fallen from 85%.

  • The proportion of incidents with a male victim and a female perpetrator (where gender was recorded) has increased from 13% in 2007-08 to 18% in 2016-17.

Source: Domestic abuse recorded by the police in Scotland, 2016-17 (Last updated: October 2017)


criminal justice social workCriminal Justice Social Work
  • Approximately 58% of Diversion from Prosecution (DP) cases commencing in 2016-17 involved men – higher than in 2010-11 when only 52% were men.
  • A high proportion of DP cases in 2016-17 were for people aged 16 or 17 – almost 21 per cent were in this age group.

Source: Criminal Justice Social Work Statistics 2016-17 (Last updated: February 2018)


National Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes.

National Indicator number 30: Reduce reconviction rates, data table

- progress against this National Indicator, broken down by Age, can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading. The age data is found in the third tab of the data table file.

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016-17 (March 2018) A large-scale social survey which asks people about their experiences and perceptions of crime. Includes statistics by age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, and sexual orientation

Criminal Justice Social Work Statistics 2016-17 (February 2018) National level information on criminal justice social work activity in Scotland, including CJSW reports and social work orders. Includes breakdowns by age, ethnicity and gender

Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (February 2018) Statistics are presented on criminal proceedings concluded in Scottish courts and on a range of measures available as alternatives to prosecution. Covers convictions by age and gender, as well as crimes with disability, racial, religious, sexual orientation, transgender aggravators.

Domestic abuse recorded by the police in Scotland, 2016-17 (October 2017) Characteristics of victims and perpetrators of domestic abuse incidents recorded by the police in Scotland. Includes analysis by age and gender

Religiously aggravated offending in Scotland 2016-17 (June 2017) Analysis about the nature of the religiously aggravated offending charges, the accused and the victims of incidents. Includes age and gender of the accused

Reconviction Rates in Scotland: 2014-15 Offender Cohort (May 2017) This publication provides analyses of trends in reconviction statistics up to the latest cohort of 2014-15. Breakdowns are available by age and gender

Prison statistics and population projections Scotland 2013/14 (December 2015) This publication shows data on Scottish prison population levels and characteristics, receptions to/liberations from Scottish prisons, and international comparisons

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Gender Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to gender



Scottish Government Survey Data

Scottish Crime and Justice Survey - Scottish Crime and Justice Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive

Official Statistics

statistics.gov.scot - Explore, visualise and download over 200 datasets from a range of producers. Start browsing by theme, organisation, or geography. Or access programmatically using our APIs. A range of datasets are available that can be broken down by gender



External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (EHRC, 2011) This Equality and Human Rights review aims to provide an authoritative compilation of the available evidence about equalities in England, Scotland and Wales against 40 indicators agreed by the Commission, the government and other key agencies. It brings together the facts about the experiences and outcomes in life of different individuals and groups. It draws on a range of sources including censuses, government surveys, academic work, and secondary analysis carried out especially for this Review.

Fire and Rescue Statistics Scotland (Fire Scotland) Statistical reports produced by the Scottish Fire and Rescue Services. Includes number of staff by age, ethnicity and gender



Crime and Justice


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