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Statistics in more details

Housing & Regeneration montageSummary: Ethnicity and Housing and Regeneration

  • In 2016, only 58% of adults in the private rented sector recorded their ethnicity as white Scottish, which is much lower than other tenures and adults as a whole; 79%. Whilst 85% in social sector properties recorded their ethnicity as white Scottish.
  • In 2016 minority ethnic people were less likely to have a ‘very strong’ sense of belonging to their community (19%) than those from ‘white’ ethnic groups (34%).

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Housing (Last updated: September 2017)

  • During 2013-15 80% of new social housing lets were to people who identified their ethnic group as ‘White Scottish’.

Source: Social Tenants in Scotland 2015

Useful Links

Ethnicity Page

Housing and Regeneration Page

Type of Accomodation
  • People from minority ethnic groups were more likely to be living in ‘flats or temporary structure’ accommodation compared to the population as a whole. *This is likely to be influenced by geographical location.

Chart: Ethnic Group by Type of Accommodation, All People in Households, Scotland, 2011

Ethnicity and Housing

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 2 (Published: March 2015)

  • Gypsy/Travellers were half as likely to own their homes compared to those in the population as a whole. Only 33% of Gypsy/Travellers owned their home compared to two 67% of the general population.
  • Gypsy/Travellers were twice as likely to live in rented accommodation, with 40% social renting compared to only 21%  of the population as a whole.

Chart:  Gypsy/Traveller by Tenure - All People in Households aged 16+, Scotland.

GypsyTraveller Tenure

  • A much higher percentage of Gypsy/Traveller households lived in a 'caravan or other mobile or temporary structure' – 14% did so compared to less than 1% of all households.
  • Gypsy/Traveller households were more than twice as likely to be overcrowded – 24% of Gypsy/Traveller households were overcrowded compared to 9% of all households * Scotland’s Census measures whether a household’s accommodation is overcrowded according to the occupancy rate, which is calculated by subtracting the notional number of rooms required from the actual number of rooms. This differs from the legislative definition which classifies a house as overcrowded if it fails to achieve either the room standard or bedroom standard. More information on how the Census measures overcrowding is available on their website.

Chart:  Gypsy/Travellers Households by Occupancy Rating, Scotland 2011

GypsyTraveller Overcrowding

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 2 (Published: March 2015)

  • The analysis of ethnicity within the homelessness data is slightly complicated by the fact that it also contains a number of cases where the applicant has been given leave to remain or refugee status.  These applicants originally came from abroad but are now lawfully present in the UK.  We therefore analyse the data in two parts – UK and EU nationals (which we compare with the Scottish population) and those granted leave to remain/refugee status.
  •  There were around 27,000 cases assessed as homeless during 2016/17, who were entitled to apply for assistance as a result of their UK or EU nationality.   The ethnic composition of this group is broadly in line with that for the Scottish population as a whole.  The proportion of white homeless is around 91% in the homelessness data compared with 96% for Scotland (taken from the Scottish Household Survey (SHS) 2017).  However, there are some differences within the white population.  The proportion of cases from a white: Scottish background is higher than in the population as a whole (82% compared to 79% for Scotland).  At the same time the proportion of white: other British - is also less than in the wider population (6% compared to 12% for Scotland). The proportion of Asian homeless is slightly less than in the wider population (0.8% compared with 2.3% for Scotland).
  • There were around 1,400 cases assessed as homeless during 2016/17, who were entitled to apply after being granted leave to remain or refugee status. Of these, 3% described themselves as white: other (and outside of the EU),  9% as Asian, 17% as Black and 54% as ‘other’

Source: HL1 Dataset as at 23 May 2017

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Specialist Provision Evidence Finder (July 2015) A resource collating policies, strategies, guides, statistics and research on the provision of specialist housing and housing-related services in Scotland.

Social Tenants in Scotland 2016 (February 2018) A statistical compendium presenting an overview of social tenants and social rented housing. Covers age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexual orientation

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Ethnicity Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to ethnicity.

Review of the Twice Yearly Count of Gypsy/Travellers in Scotland (March 2010) Findings of a review into the Twice Yearly Count of the Gypsy/Traveller population in Scotland, including recommended options for the future of the Count.

Review of the private rented sector volume 2: Views and experiences of tenants in the private rented sector in Scotland (March 2009) As part of wider SG review on the Private Rented Sector, this report looks at the views and experiences of tenants in the sector in Scotland. Covers age, ethnicity and gender



Scottish Government Survey Data

SCORE - SCORE microdata are available on request from the Scottish Government subject to data users signing a data access agreement. Requests can be made to the CHMA mailbox

Scottish House Conditions Survey - The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish House Conditions Survey data. Subject to small numbers and disclosure control, it is possible to request ad hoc analysis of any of the housing variables on the SHS and SHCS by age, gender, disability and ethnicity and also religion in the case of the SHS. Data requests should be made to the SHS Mailbox or the SHCS Mailbox.

Scottish Household Survey - The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish Household Survey data

UK Data Archive - Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive

Official Statistics

statistics.gov.scot - Explore, visualise and download over 200 datasets from a range of producers. Start browsing by theme, organisation, or geography. Or access programmatically using our APIs. A range of datasets are available that can be broken down by ethnic group


External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Research Organisations

Housing Support Enabling Unit - Provides information and research about housing support in Scotland

Joseph Rowntree Foundation - Carries out research and analysis of poverty in Scotland and the UK

Scottish Women's Aid - Provides support, information and research about domestic abuse in Scotland

Shelter - Provides information and research about homelessness in Scotland



Housing and Regeneration




Centre for Housing Market Analysis

Communities Analytical Services

Scottish Government

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Victoria Quay

Edinburgh EH6 6QQ


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