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Summary: Disability and Crime and Justice

Image of police talking to members of the publicSummary: Ethnicity and Crime and Justice

Racist incidents
  • In 2013-14, where the ethnicity of the victim/complainer was known, those with a ‘Pakistani’ ethnic background were the most likely to be the victim/complainer of a racist incident recorded by the police with 224.2 victims/complainers per 10,000 population. This was followed by ‘African, Caribbean or Other Black’ with 189.9 victims/complainers recorded per 10,000 population. The Scottish average across all ethnic backgrounds was 10.6 victims/complainers per 10,000 population.

  • Where information on the ethnic group of perpetrators was available, in 2013-14, 90.4% of perpetrators of a racist incident recorded by the police were of ‘White British’ ethnic background (which includes ‘White Scottish’ and ‘White English’) and 4.9% of perpetrators were of an ‘Other White’ ethnic background (which includes ‘White Polish’ and ‘White Irish’).

Source: Racist Incidents Recorded by the Police in Scotland, 2013-14 (Last updated: November 2015)


Useful Links

Ethnicity Page

Crime and Justice Page

Offence aggravations
  • Offence aggravation data show that in 2016-17 721 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated racial aggravation.

  • More than three-quarters of these were for a main charge of breach of the peace or common assault.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (Last updated: February 2018)


criminal justice social workCriminal Justice Social Work
  • Amongst those where the ethnic group was known and able to be provided, 96% of Criminal Justice Social Work Reports submitted in 2016-17 related to offenders who were White.
  • 97% of Community Payback Orders in 2016-17 related to offenders who were White.

Source: Criminal Justice Social Work Statistics 2016-17 (Last updated: February 2018)


Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016-17 (March 2018) A large-scale social survey which asks people about their experiences and perceptions of crime. Includes statistics by age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, and sexual orientation

Criminal Justice Social Work Statistics 2016-17 (February 2018) National level information on criminal justice social work activity in Scotland, including CJSW reports and social work orders. Includes breakdowns by age, ethnicity and gender

Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (February 2018) Statistics are presented on criminal proceedings concluded in Scottish courts and on a range of measures available as alternatives to prosecution. Covers convictions by age and gender, as well as crimes with disability, racial, religious, sexual orientation, transgender aggravators.

Recorded Crime in Scotland, 2016-17 (September 2017) This bulletin presents statistics on crimes and offences recorded and cleared up by the police in Scotland, disaggregated by crime/offence group and by local authority. Includes statistics on racially aggravated offences

Racist Incidents Recorded by the Police in Scotland, 2013-14 (November 2015) This bulletin presents statistics on racist incidents recorded by Police Scotland in 2013-14.

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Ethnicity Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to ethnicity.



Scottish Government Survey Data

Scottish Crime and Justice Survey - Scottish Crime and Justice Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive

Official Statistics

statistics.gov.scot - Explore, visualise and download over 200 datasets from a range of producers. Start browsing by theme, organisation, or geography. Or access programmatically using our APIs. A range of datasets are available that can be broken down by ethnic group



External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (EHRC, 2011) This Equality and Human Rights review aims to provide an authoritative compilation of the available evidence about equalities in England, Scotland and Wales against 40 indicators agreed by the Commission, the government and other key agencies. It brings together the facts about the experiences and outcomes in life of different individuals and groups. It draws on a range of sources including censuses, government surveys, academic work, and secondary analysis carried out especially for this Review.

Fire and Rescue Statistics Scotland (Fire Scotland) Statistical reports produced by the Scottish Fire and Rescue Services. Includes number of staff by age, ethnicity and gender

Statistics in more details


Crime and Justice