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Summary: Disability and Income and Poverty

MoneySummary: Disability and Income and Poverty

  • In 2014-17, the poverty rate after housing costs for families with a disabled person was 24%. This compares with 16% of people in a family without a disabled person who were in poverty.
 

Useful Links

Disability Page

Income and Poverty Page

Relative Poverty

Note: Due to a change in the way information on people with disabilities was collected, it is not possible to compare the most recent years with years before 2012-13 but before that, the trend had been decreasing poverty for both groups.

 

Relative poverty, after housing costs, for people with a disabled family member

Relative Poverty after housing costs, for people with a disabled family member

  • Poverty rates remained higher for households with a disabled adult. 
  • In 2014-17, the poverty rate after housing costs for families with a disabled person was 24%. This compares with 16% of people in a family without a disabled person who were in poverty.

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (Last updated: March 2018)

 

Relative poverty after housing costs, excluding disability related benefits, for people with a disabled family member

Relative Poverty after housing costs excluding disability related benefits, for people with a disabled family member

  • The poverty rate was higher for individuals in families with a disabled person, when disability related benefits are not included.
  • After housing costs, the poverty rate was 29% for individuals with a disabled family member, and 16% for individuals without a disabled family member

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (Last updated: March 2018)

Note: This analysis excludes Disability Living Allowance, Attendance Allowance and Personal Independence Payments from income. These are benefits paid as a contribution towards the additional living costs that households where nobody is disabled don’t have, so by excluding these from income we are able to compare on a more like for like basis.

 

Useful Links

Disability Page

Income and Poverty Page

Finances
  • Disabled people were less likely to be coping financially. Households that contained at least one person with a long-term illness or a disability were more likely to be ‘not coping’ (15%) than those that did not (10%). The corresponding ‘coping’ figures were 41% and 53% respectively.

Source: The Position of Scotland’s Equality Groups. Revisiting Resilience in 2011 (Published: 2011)

 
  • Households across Great Britain with a member with a long-standing illness or disability do not appear particularly disadvantaged in the wealth distribution compared to households where there is no disability. However, there is great inequality within disabled households.
  • Disabled people across Great Britain in all age categories are more likely than non-disabled people to have no bank account and no home contents insurance. This appears to be particularly true for people with a learning disability.

External Source: How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (Chapter 12: Standard of living. Published: 2011, EHRC)

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

 

Area-based Deprivation

Proportion of people with a limiting long-term health condition or disability, in 2011

A chart showing disability prevalence by deprivation in Scotland, 2011

  • People with a long-term activity-limiting health problem or disability were more prevalent in deprived areas in Scotland. The red horizontal line represents the proportion of people in Scotland who reported a limiting problem (19.6%).
  • In 2011, 27 per cent of people in deprived areas recorded a problem compared to 18 per cent in non-deprived areas. The greater difference was amongst those who were limited a lot by their problem (15 per cent compared to 9 per cent).

Source: Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (Published: March 2014)

 

Proportion of people with a disability living in each of the SIMD deciles. Each decile contains 10% of the data zones in Scotland, with Decile 1 containing the 10% most deprived areas and Decile 10 containing the least deprived areas.

A chart showing disability prevalence by SIMD decile in Scotland,2011

  • People who lived in the most deprived decile were twice as likely to report that they were limited by a long-term health problem or disability than those in the least deprived decile (28% compared to 13%).
  • People who lived in the most deprived decile were over three times more likely to report that they were limited a lot by a long-term health problem of disability than those in the least deprived decile (16% compared to 5%).

Source: Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (Published: March 2014)

National Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes. Equality breakdowns illustrate how protected groups are progressing towards achievement of the National Outcomes, particularly ‘we have tackled the significant inequalities in Scottish society’.

National Indicator number 35: Reduce the proportion of individuals living in poverty, data table

- progress against this National Indicator, broken down by Disability, can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading.

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (March 2018) This publication presents annual estimates of the percentage and number of people, children, working age adults and pensioners living in low income households in Scotland. Covers age, disability, ethnicity and gender

Children in families with limited resources across Scotland 2014-2016 (November 2017) This experimental statistics publication provides estimates of the proportion of children in combined low income and material deprivation by council area and household characteristics. It covers age, deprivation and disability

Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (March 2014) This paper provides further analysis of equality data originally released from the Census by the National Records of Scotland (NRS). It pulls this together into a user friendly format providing new analysis and insight, particularly around deprivation. The main equality strands included in the paper are ethnicity, religion and disability.

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Disability Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to disability.

Fuel Poverty: Evidence Review (2012) This report examines issues around the nature and measurement of fuel poverty in Scotland. It draws on data from the Scottish House Condition Survey (SHCS). It covers age, disability, ethnicity and gender

The potential impacts of an online delivery of Universal Credit - Welfare Analysis (2012) This paper includes a section on socio-economic characteristics of those who are less likely to use the internet. It covers age, disability, ethnicity, and gender

Tackling Poverty Board: A Summary of Evidence (2011) Research paper produced by the Tackling Poverty board. Looks at finances, geography and employment prospects. Includes age, disability, ethnicity and gender

The Experience of Rural Poverty in Scotland (2009) Qualitative research with single pensioners, single parents, disabled people, people with mental ill health, and migrant workers to examine whether and how the experience of poverty is distinctive in rural Scotland.

Financial Inclusion: A topic report from the Scottish Household Survey (2007) A summary of evidence about financial inclusion in Scotland using analysis from the Scottish Household Survey and other sources. Covers age, disability, ethnicity, gender and religion

Data

Data

Scottish Government Survey Data

UK Data Archive - Family Resources Survey and Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive

Official Statistics

statistics.gov.scot - Explore, visualise and download over 200 datasets from a range of producers. Start browsing by theme, organisation, or geography. Or access programmatically using our APIs. A range of datasets are available that can be broken down by disability status

 

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

Progress on socio-economic rights in Great Britain (EHRC, March 2018) An Equality and Humans Rights Commission report on the progress on socio-economic rights focusing on domestic law and policy; standard of living and social security; employment; and access to justice. This report includes analysis of child poverty, and the equality characteristics disability, ethnicity and gender. Note that this report focuses on England and Wales, and only includes Scotland for policy areas that are not devolved to the Scottish Government.

UK Poverty 2017 (Joseph Rowntree Foundation, December 2017) An analysis of poverty rates in the UK and how these have changed over the past twenty years. Some of the analysis is presented for Scotland separately. This report covers age, disability, ethnicity and gender.

How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (EHRC, 2011) This Equality and Human Rights review aims to provide an authoritative compilation of the available evidence about equalities in England, Scotland and Wales against 40 indicators agreed by the Commission, the government and other key agencies. It brings together the facts about the experiences and outcomes in life of different individuals and groups. It draws on a range of sources including censuses, government surveys, academic work, and secondary analysis carried out especially for this Review.

External Research Organisations

Joseph Rowntree Foundation - Carries out research and analysis of poverty in Scotland and the UK

Poverty Alliance - Works to combat poverty, focusing on low incomes, services, participation and attitudes

Contacts

Contact Details

If you have any enquiries relating to Equality and Poverty evidence then please contact us at:

Email

equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone

0131 244 3004

Post

Equality and Poverty Analysis Team

Communities Analytical Services

Scottish Government

1F North

Victoria Quay

Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

 

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