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Statistics in more details

Summary: Disability Demographics

  • In 2011, 1,040,000 people had a long-term activity-limiting health problem or disability.

Source: 2011 Census: Release 2A (Table 8. Published: 2013, NRS)

 
  • In 2011, the overall proportion of people in Scotland with a long-term activity-limiting health problem or disability was slightly lower than in 2001 (19.6% compared to 20.3%). This is despite the fact that the number of people aged 65 and over increased by over 10%.

  • More than four fifths of people aged 85 years and over reported that their day-to-day activities were limited by a long-term health problem or disability, compared to around 5% of children under the age of 16 years.

  • As expected, people who disclosed that they were limited 'a lot' by a long-term health problem or disability were much more likely to rate their general health poorly.

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 1 (Published: October 2014)

 

Percentage of children and adults reported of having at least one long-term health condition in 2016

  • In the Scottish Health Survey 2016, almost one in six (16%) children (aged 0 to 15) had at least one long-term health condition.

  • Around half (47%) of adults aged 16 and over in Scotland were living with at least one long-term condition in 2016.

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2016 (Last updated: October 2017)

 
UK-wide comparison

Long-term activity-limiting health problem or disability, UK, 2011

  • A higher proportion of people in Scotland (20%) reported a health problem or disability in 2011 than the UK as a whole (18%). However Scotland recorded a lower proportion than Wales (23%) and Northern Ireland (21%).

Source: Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (Published: March 2014)

 

Long-term activity-limiting health problem or disability, UK, 2011

  • Inverclyde had the highest prevalence of long-term activity-limiting health problems or disability (24%) in 2011 and Aberdeenshire the lowest (16%).

  • Glasgow City had a high prevalence (23%) in 2011 despite the median age of its population being only 36 compared to the Scotland average of 41. All three Ayrshires reported high rates and the island councils varied noticeably - Shetland reported 17%, Orkney 19%, and Eilean Siar 21%.

Source: Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (Published: March 2014)

 
Gender

Type of long-term condition by gender, All people, Scotland, 2011

Type of long-term condition by gender, All people, Scotland, 2011

  • A substantially higher proportion of males (77%) than females (23%) were reported to have a developmental disorder in 2011. Learning difficulties and learning disabilities were also more predominantly reported by males (61% and 57%, respectively).

  • Females, on the other hand, were more likely than males to report that they had conditions more associated with old age, such as physical disabilities and blindness or partial sight loss, as well as mental health conditions.

  • There was an even gender split of people who reported that they had no long-term health condition in 2011.

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 1 (Published: October 2014)

 
  • In the Scottish Health Survey 2016, it was found that women were more likely than men to have one or more limiting long-term health condition (35% and 30% respectively).

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2016 (Last updated: October 2017)

 
Ethnicity
  • All minority ethnic groups were less likely than the 'White' group to report that they were limited either 'a little' or 'a lot' by a long-term health problem or disability. It should be noted that minority ethnic groups had younger age profiles than the population as a whole.

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 1 (Published: October 2014)

 
Marital Status
  • People 'not limited' by a long-term health problem or disability were more likely to be single (39%), than people who were limited either, 'a little' (23%), or 'a lot' (21%). People who were limited 'a lot' were less likely to be married (39%) than people limited 'a little' and those 'not limited' (both 46%).

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 1 (Published: October 2014)

 
Carers
  • In 2011, the proportion of people providing unpaid care to family members or friends (9%) had changed little since 2001.
  • There was an increase in the number of hours of care which these unpaid caregivers carried out per week, with 44% (219,000) of them providing 20 hours or more hours of care a week, compared with 37% (176,000) in 2001.

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 1 (Published: October 2014)

 
  • In the Scottish Health Survey 2016, more than one in seven (15%) adults provided regular, unpaid care to a family member, friend or someone else, with women more likely to do so than men (17% and 13% respectively).

  • Of all children aged 4-15, 3% provided care in the Scottish Health Survey 2016, with older children more likely to provide care than younger (5% of those aged 12-15 compared with 1% of those aged 4-11).1 in 7 adults provide unpaid care

  • In 2016, women were more likely than men to be providing unpaid care for someone (17% and 13% respectively).

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2016 (Last updated: October 2017)

 

 

Scottish Learning Disabilities Observatory
  • Between January 2016 and October 2017, a set of eight Scotland’s Census 2011 analytical notes on people with learning disabilities and people with a development disorder were published on the Analytical Reports page of the Scotland’s Census website. The data was investigated  in collaboration with Scottish Learning Disabilities Observatory.

  • Data were analysed for Scotland, Council Area and Health Board Area geographies. These outputs are presented graphically on the Scottish Learning Disabilities Observatory website.

Source: Scotland’s Census, Analytical Reports

 

Useful Links

Disability Page

Demographics Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

NRS Scotland Statistics (NRS) A range of National statistics/Official publications are available on the National Records of Scotland website.

2011 Census Releases (NRS) A summary of the 2011 census releases, with links to statistical bulletins. Age and gender is covered in releases 1A and 1B. Disability, ethnicity and religion is covered in releases 2A. Further detailed breakdowns are provided in release 3

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Disability Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to disability.

Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 2 (March 2015) Brings together relevant statistics from the census and other sources to paint a highly detailed picture of equality in Scotland. The policy areas covered are Labour Market, Education, Housing and Transport. The BSL section contains data by age.

Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 1 (October 2014) Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census, including Ethnicity, Gypsy/Travellers, Religion, Disability and BSL and contains data by age.

Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (March 2014) This paper provides further analysis of equality data originally released from the Census by the National Records of Scotland (NRS). It pulls this together into a user friendly format providing new analysis and insight, particularly around deprivation. The main equality strands included in the paper are ethnicity, religion and disability.

Data

Data

Scotland's Census

National Records of Scotland - More up to date information is available, as well as data tables including time series information, from the National Records of Scotland website.

Scotland's Census Data Explorer - Download data, charts and tables from the 2011, 2001 and 1991 Censuses.

Scotland's Census Results 2011 - Download data tables from the most recent census releases.

Official Statistics

statistics.gov.scot - Explore, visualise and download over 200 datasets from a range of producers. Start browsing by theme, organisation, or geography. Or access programmatically using our APIs. A range of datasets are available that can be broken down by disability status

 

Future Developments

Future Developments

The main set of statistical outputs from Scotland’s Census 2011 have now been published and we are working through the requests received for commissioned outputs. For further information on submitting a request, visit the Commissioned Outputs page.

Planning has begun for Scotland’s Census 2021 and will build on the success of the census in 2011.

Select below for further information on:

Census

Future publications

Contacts

Contacts

Demographics

National Records of Scotland Customer Services: Statisticscustomerservices@nrscotland.gov.uk