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Marine energy

Photo of Hirta, St Kilda

Scotland possesses huge wave and tidal energy resources and the potential exists to generate more electricity than we currently need from the waters around the Scottish coast.

The Crown Estate's report of 2012, UK Wave and Tidal Key Resource Areas Project, found that Scotland has a third of the UK’s tidal stream resources and two thirds of the UK’s wave resources.

Some of the best resources are located off the north-west coast and northern tip of Scotland. The Scottish Government believes that wave and tidal energy will make an important contribution to our future electricity needs.

In November 2014, the Scottish Government established a new wave energy technology development bodyWave Energy Scotland brings together the best engineering and academic minds to collaborate on innovative projects that will accelerate the development of wave technologies.

Our flagship test centre, the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) has over a decade of real-sea experience.  There have been more grid-connected marine energy converters deployed at EMEC than at any other single site in the world, and the centre remains the world’s only accredited marine energy laboratory.

The Scottish Government and its enterprise agencies have a long and proud history of supporting the marine energy sector.  Our Marine Renewables Commercialisation Fund (MRCF) offered a tailored approach for wave energy and was complemented by support for the enabling technologies that are crucial to the success of the earliest wave and tidal arrays.

The Renewable Energy Investment Fund (REIF) was set up to help marine and other green energy projects become commercially viable.