6 Statutory/voluntary throughcare and throughcare addiction service
(Tables 1 and 28-29)
6.1 Criminal justice social work departments are expected to provide a throughcare service to all those who are subject to statutory supervision on release from prison. This includes people serving sentences of four years or more (or six months or more for sexual crimes) as well as those subject to an extended sentence or supervised release order. Throughcare begins at the start of the sentence and is implemented through the Scottish Prison Service's integrated case management process. Voluntary throughcare (or assistance) services are also available to those who are not subject to supervision on release from prison. These services may be requested while in custody or up to 12 months after release. A centrally funded throughcare addiction service was introduced in 2005 to connect individuals who have addiction issues with appropriate community based services, and provide a more intensive motivational service to help address substance dependency and associated difficulties. Funding for this service has been mainstreamed, and this publication will no longer report on throughcare addiction services as this type of service may now be delivered through different routes. More information on these services can be found in Annex B.
6.2 Commencements for statutory throughcare in custody have fluctuated around the 1,000 mark over the past five years, with 1,040 cases in 2014-15 (Table 28). Forty-three per cent involved determinate sentences of four years or more, while supervised release orders and extended sentences accounted for just over a quarter and just over a sixth respectively.
6.3 The number of commencements for statutory throughcare cases in the community have consistently totalled about 1,000-1,100 in the last five years - 1,090 in 2014-15 (Table 29). Twenty-three per cent of all cases commenced in 2014-15 related to non-parole licences, while supervised release orders accounted for just over a fifth.
6.4 The statutory custody- and community-based throughcare caseload totalled 5,900 individuals on 31 March 2015, slightly down on 2014 but still historically high (Tables 1, 28 and 29). The custody-based caseload is 57 per cent of the total.
6.5 The number of completions of statutory throughcare cases in the community was 940 in 2014-15. The trend for completion numbers has been fairly flat over the last five years (Table 29).
6.6 The number of voluntary throughcare cases commenced rose in 2014-15 by 7 per cent to 2,700, reaching levels similar to those in earlier years (Table 1).