The Equality Act 2010 introduced a new public sector equality duty. It sets out a ‘general duty’ which requires public authorities (including police forces) to pay “due regard” to the need to eliminate discrimination, advance equality, and foster good relations across a range of ‘protected characteristics’.
In addition, Scottish Ministers have the power to introduce ‘specific duties’ which set out the particular steps that authorities in Scotland should take to help meet the general duty. The Equality Act 2010 (Specific Duties)(Scotland) Regulations 2012 has been in force since May 2012. The EQIA on the suite of Police Workforce Regulations has been developed to consider the potential impact on equality of the suite of nine Workforce Regulations, the majority of which are made under section 48 of the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012, relating to the governance and administration of the Police Service of Scotland.