Annex F Glossary
Annually Managed Expenditure (AME)
Annually Managed Expenditure is spending that does not fall within Departmental Expenditure Limits (DEL). AME is generally less predictable than expenditure in DEL and is not subject to multi-year limits. It is set each year and contains those elements of expenditure that are not readily predictable. For example, NHS and Teachers' pensions.
Audit Scotland was set up in April 2000 to audit the accounts of the Scottish Government and other public sector bodies in Scotland, and to ensure that public funds are used properly, efficiently and effectively.
The Barnett Formula allocates to Scotland a population share of changes in comparable spending programmes in England. Comparability is the extent to which services delivered by Whitehall departments correspond to services delivered by the devolved administrations. Barnett only applies to expenditure classified within Departmental Expenditure Limits - about 85 per cent of Scotland's total budget.
Best Value is about continuous improvement, seeking to change what we do in a way that transforms and sustains the delivery of quality public services in Scotland.
Budget Exchange (BX)
HM Treasury allow the Scottish Government to carry forward DEL underspends and draw down these underspends up to a maximum of 0.6 per cent on the Resource budget and 1.5 per cent on the Capital budget.
Figures expressed in cash, or nominal, terms are not adjusted for the effect of inflation (See Real Terms).
Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
The CAP was set up under the European Union Treaties to increase agricultural production, provide a fair standard of living for farmers and make sure that food is available at reasonable prices.
Cross-border Public Authorities
The Scotland Act 1998 allows for cross-border public authorities to be specified by Order in Council. They are public bodies and agencies, government departments, offices or office-holders which have functions exercisable in or as regards Scotland that do not relate to reserved matters (GB/UK bodies which deal only with reserved matters in Scotland cannot be cross-border public authorities). Examples include the Forestry Commission and the National Criminal Intelligence Service.
Consumer Prices Index (CPI)
The Consumer Prices Index is an internationally comparable measure of inflation used by the UK Government that measures the change in the general level of prices charged for a defined "shopping basket" of goods and services bought for household consumption. The CPI forms the basis of the UK Government's inflation target that the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee is required to achieve.
Departmental Expenditure Limits (DEL)
Departmental Expenditure Limits (DEL) forms the majority of the Scottish Government's budget. This is the budget provision that the Scottish Government can plan and control over the Spending Review period. The DEL budget is presented for both resource DEL and capital DEL. Resource DEL consists of fiscal DEL and non-cash ring-fenced DEL. Non-cash ring-fenced DEL covers depreciation and impairments and does not represent spending power for the Scottish Government.
A depreciation charge is a non-cash item which measures the wearing out, consumption or other reduction in useful life of a fixed asset.
European Structural Funds
European Structural Funds include the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF), the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the European Fisheries Fund (EFF). They are used to tackle regional disparities and support regional development through actions including developing infrastructure and telecommunications, developing human resources and supporting research and development. The Scottish Government is the 'managing authority' for the Funds in Scotland.
Semi-autonomous executive agencies operate within a framework set by the responsible Cabinet Secretary or Minister, which specifies policies, objectives, and available resources. All agencies are set annual performance targets by their Minister, who in turn accounts to Parliament for the work of the agency.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The Gross Domestic Product is a measure of the total economic activity in a region. References to growth in the economy are quoting growth in GDP. It is a measure of the total amount of goods and services produced within a year in a country. In the UK, three different approaches (measuring production, income or expenditure) are used in the generation of one single GDP estimate.
All 32 local authorities in Scotland.
Non-Departmental Public Body (NDPB)
A body that operates independently of Ministers, although Ministers have ultimate responsibility. There are two main types of NDPB: executive NDPBs, which carry out administrative, regulatory, executive or commercial functions; and advisory NDPBs, which provide independent, expert advice to Ministers.
Non-Profit Distributing (NPD)
The Non-Profit Distributing model is a system for funding capital infrastructure projects. It is 100 per cent debt-financed and maximises value for money and allows shareholder transparency.
Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR)
The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) was formed in May 2010 to make an independent assessment of the public finances and the economy for each UK Budget and Pre-Budget Report.
The prudential regime for local authority capital expenditure took full effect on 1 April 2004. It allows local authorities to make their own decisions about how much to borrow or spend, but they are under a duty to determine how much they can afford and to keep that under review.
Any price or value adjusted for the effect of inflation.
Scottish Futures Trust (SFT)
The Scottish Futures Trust is the independent company established by the Scottish Government to deliver value for money across public infrastructure development.
Single Outcome Agreement (SOA)
The Concordat between the Scottish Government and COSLA in November 2007 required each local authority and its Community Planning Partners to develop a Single Outcome Agreement. They are intended to set out outcomes at a local level which local public bodies will work towards in order to contribute to the National Outcomes set by government. They are characterised by streamlined external scrutiny, effective performance management and an outcomes focus.
The Strategic Transport Projects Review (STPR) supports the process of prioritisation applied by Scottish Ministers when allocating the capital budget across all sectors and when determining the level of infrastructure investment that can be supported from revenue finance (e.g. public private partnerships (PPP/PFI), non-profit distributing, and borrowing against regulated asset base (RAB) for investment in rail infrastructure).
Total Managed Expenditure (TME)
Total Managed Expenditure comprises the Departmental Expenditure Limit (DEL) and Annually Managed Expenditure (AME).