Appropriate steps are taken to ensure that prisoners are reintegrated safely into the community and where possible into a situation less likely to lead to further crime.
9.1 Partly met. There is no pre release course and the Links Centre is poor. There are very good links with Partner Organisations in the community and the prison is very well integrated with community support services. However, only one intervention to address offending behaviour is in place.
Integrated Case Management
9.2 The Deputy Governor leads on ICM management. She is also the MAPPA Co-ordinator. There are two members of staff responsible for the co-ordination of ICM. They have been trained in the use of the Risk Matrix 2000 risk assessment tool. Staff have also been in contact with other establishments in order to identify examples of good practice which could be adapted and implemented at Inverness.
9.3 All prisoners are subject to standard ICM. Proposals were being developed for an ICM process for short term prisoners, to be delivered by the ICM co-ordinator and a prison based social worker.
9.4 Enhanced ICM focuses on sex offenders and long-term prisoners. The weekly business printout indicated that there were 21 prisoners on Enhanced ICM, of whom 13 were sex offenders and/or Schedule 1 offenders. There had been 21 Case Conferences from February 2007 to time of inspection. In addition to standard biographical information, the printout includes dates for the initial Case Conference and subsequent Case Conferences; whether they had been booked; participants invited; the name of the prison based social worker; the name of the SPS officer contact; the local authority area to which the prisoner was to be released; and the name of the community based social worker. The printout also lists the names of others present at the Case Conference.
9.5 Enhanced ICM was working well at Inverness and key partners, particularly prison and community based social workers, had engaged well - with 100% attendance at meetings so far. Staff were also able to use video conferencing.
9.6 An ICM Assurance Process had been developed to ensure that staff were aware of and able to deliver each stage of the ICM process. There had also been a recent audit to analyse the impact of implementation. The outcome of this was generally favourable, with some areas for improvement identified.
9.7 Staff were generally very positive about the implementation and delivery of ICM at Inverness, commenting that the process was an improvement on Sentence Management.
Interventions to Address Offending Behaviour
9.8 The prison is currently running ' SMART' which is a programme directed at changing attitudes to offending. It has an emphasis on addictions. Seven prisoners were participating in the programme (four others who started the programme had been transferred or liberated). Four prisoners completed an Anger Awareness Programme in February 2007. A course aimed at prisoners convicted of motoring offences or with issues related to motoring has also been run.
9.9 Other programmes which are planned are Drug/Alcohol Awareness, Parenting and Employability. The addictions unit also run a Drug Awareness intervention.
9.10 The accommodation for the delivery of programmes is poor. Basically, there is one room which is used for a number of different purposes. The room can be double booked. The programmes team comprises one uniformed officer, an addictions worker and an addictions nurse. Delivery of programmes takes place alongside other tasks. There is no psychology input. It appears that delivery of programmes has all but disappeared in anticipation of the closer working which will be provided by the new Links Centre.
9.11 It is recommended that the delivery of interventions to address offending behaviour is reinvigorated, and that a systematic and planned approach to delivery, in suitable accommodation, is introduced.
9.12 An internal progression system exists for male prisoners. There is no progression system for females. Prisoner movement and progress is usually associated with access to employment and prisoners move to designated areas dependant on where their job is located.
9.13 The aspects of the regime which are different for those in employment are increased visit allocation and single cell accommodation (mainly in 'C' wing). A number of prisoners commented that there was very little added enhancement within the regime in comparison with other prisons.
9.14 Very few prisoners meet the criteria for transfer to the Open Estate.
9.15 Inverness engages with a number of partner organisations from the voluntary, criminal and community justice, health, and faith sectors. This includes the NHS (Sexual Health Services, Consultant Psychiatrist, Community Liaison Nurse), Criminal Justice Social Work, Throughcare Addictions Service ( TAS), Moray New Futures, the Shirlie Project, Alcoholics Anonymous, Citizens Advice, Jobcentre Plus, and the Prison Fellowship.
9.16 The prison is also represented on, and inputs to, a number of external partner meetings which are held in the community. Examples include the Highland and Moray Drug and Alcohol Action Teams, the Criminal Justice Subgroup of the Highland DAAT, MAPPA Implementation Group, Joint Highland Homeless Strategy Group, Men's Highland Health, Mentally Disordered Offenders Group, and the Inverness Drug and Alcohol Forum.
Preparation for Release
9.17 There is no formal pre release course in place. However, a pre-release interview for convicted male prisoners is undertaken by officers from "E" wing on a one-to-one basis two to three days prior to release. At this session the officer discusses discharge grants, Jobcentre Plus, drug tolerance levels and housing issues. Housing applications are made at this stage if the prisoner is of no fixed abode. The officer inputs any additional data or information about referrals onto PR2. A similar process is undertaken on a one-to-one basis for women.
9.18 However, there was evidence that although this process is being undertaken on a regular basis the paperwork is not being filed appropriately. Boxes of completed proformas were being stacked in the Induction Room, and then transferred to the attic. This could cause a problem should this information be required quickly if a prisoner is reconvicted and sent back to Inverness. This should be addressed.
9.19 Integrated Case Management Case Conferences are held for all individuals six weeks prior to release. Community Integration Plans are developed at this point. Prisoners are invited to these meetings. It was apparent that Inverness is very well integrated with community support services, particularly in relation to health and addictions support.
9.20 Community Integration Plan Meetings are held in the Visits Area on a Friday morning. The meeting is chaired by a Unit Manager. This multi agency group comprises representatives from the Throughcare Addiction Service ( TAS), Jobcentre Plus, Apex, Osprey House, the ICM/ HDC Co-ordinator, a representative from healthcare and Phoenix Futures. Individuals who have been released or are just about to be released are discussed in detail by this group. This is an excellent opportunity for the prison to receive feedback on how prisoners are integrating into the community and is an area of good practice.