1 Source: Life Expectancy: Office for National Statistics and OECD. Income inequality: Eurostat and Scottish Government.
GDP per capita: OECD and Scottish Government. PISA scores: OECD and Scottish Government.
Offences: European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics. Municipal Waste Recycled: Eurostat and SEPA
Notes: Life Expectancy: Figures are for life expectancy at birth in 2004. Income Inequality: Figures are for 2005 (latest data). Income inequality is measured by the Gini coefficient. It represents an overall measure of the cumulative income share against the share of households in the population. The lower the value of the Gini coefficient (which varies between 0 and 1), the more equally household income is distributed. GDP per capita: Figures are for 2005 and Scotland's does not include the UK Continental Shelf. Purchasing power parity is used to adjust for price differentials between countries. PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) scores: Scores for 2003 (latest data). PISA data aim to measure how far students approaching the end of compulsory education have acquired some of the knowledge and skills essential for full participation in the knowledge society. PISA surveys focus on particular subject areas including reading, maths and science. Scores are averaged across these subjects. Offences: Figures are for 2003 (latest data); UK figure is for England and Wales only. Municipal Waste Recycled and Composted: Figures are % of total municipal waste for 2005 (latest data).
2 Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings 2007, ONS.
3 O'Mahoney, M., and de Boer, W., (2002) , Britain's relative productivity performance: Has anything changed? National Institute Economic Review.
4 Basu, Fernlad, Oulton, and Srinivasan (2003), The Case of the Missing Productivity Growth: Or, Does information technology explain why productivity accelerated in the United States but not the United Kingdom?, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
5 Futureskills Scotland, (2005), International Comparisons of Skills and Labour Market Performance.
6 Source: OECD and Labour Force Survey 2004.
7 Scottish Executive (2006) More Choices, More Chances.
8 Felstead, A., Gallie, D., Green, F. and Zhou, Y. (2007) Skills at work 1986-2006 Oxford/Cardiff:SKOPE/ ESRC.
9 Gallie, D. (2007) 'Task discretion and job quality', in Gallie, D (ed.) Employment Regimes and the Quality of Work, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Results quoted in Felstead, Gallilee, Green and Zhou.
10 Lehto, A -M, and Sutela, H. (1999) Efficient, More Efficient, Exhausted, Helsinki: Statistics Finland. Results quoted in Felstead, Gallilee, Green and Zhou.
11 Source: OECD Main Science & Technology Indicators and ONS.
12 Source: UK Patent Office 2005; Note: Scottish based companies may choose to file patents outside of the UK. They would not be included in these figures.
13 Source: Community Innovation Survey 2002-2004, ONS, Eurostat. The CIS measures companies that have undertaken product or process innovation during the period of the survey (2002-2004).
14 The TEA Index identifies the proportion of working age adults who are either setting up or have been running a business for less than 42 months - therefore providing a broad measure of early stage entrepreneurial activity.
15 Source: ONS, March-May 2007, employment rate is the proportion of working age (16-59/64) population in employment, unemployment rate is the proportion of the 16+ population unemployed.
16 Source: Labour Force Survey, Jan-March 2007.
17 Source: Eurostat and Labour Force Survey, Spring 2006.
18 Source: Department for Work and Pensions and GRO Scotland, 2006.
19 Source: Annual Population Survey, 2006.
20 Source: GRO Scotland, 2006.
21 Projected Population of Scotland (2006-based), (2007) GRO Scotland.
22 Source: Household Below Average Income dataset 2000/01 to 2005/06.
23 Source: ONS Claimant Count, September 2007.
24 Source: Department for Work and Pensions and GRO Scotland, 2006.
25 Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, 2006.
26 Stockholm Environment Institute (2007) Towards a Low Footprint Scotland, Scotland's Global Footprint Project.
27 Note: The exact basis of both targets, including whether they will be based on a basket of greenhouse gases or CO 2 emissions alone, will be decided after the public consultation on the proposals for the Bill.
28 HM Treasury (2006) Productivity in the UK: Progress and New Evidence.
29 Heckman, J. and Masterov, D. (2005) Skills Policies for Scotland, Allander Series.
30 OECD, (2006), Starting Strong II: Early Childhood Education and Care.
31 Futureskills Scotland (2005) International Comparisons of Skills and Labour Market Performance.
32 Scottish Government (2007), Skills for Scotland: A Lifelong Skills Strategy.
33 Scottish Association of Mental Health (2006) What's It Worth? The Social and Economic Costs of Mental Health Problems in Scotland.
34 Weale, M. and Riley, R. (2006), Immigration and its Effects, National Institute Economic Review.
35 Futureskills Scotland (2006), Skills in a Global Economy.
36 Baumol, W.J. (2005) Four Sources of Innovation and the Stimulation of Growth in the Scottish Economy, Allander Series
37 Turner, A. (2005), Reflections on the Allander Series, Allander Series
38 Bradley, J. (2005), Committing to Growth, Allander Series
39 Walsh, B. (2006), Taxation and Foreign Direct Investment in Ireland
40 Department for Transport, (2006), Transport: Wider Economic Benefits and Impacts on GDP
41 Department for Transport, (2004), The Importance of Transport in Business Location Decisions
42 Scottish Executive, (2003), Review of Scotland's Cities - The Analysis
43 Rice, P., and Venables, A.J., (2004), Spatial Determinants of Productivity: Analysis for the Regions of Great Britain, CEP Discussion Paper No 642
44 Source: Scottish Government and ONS (2004).
45 Scottish Parliament (2006), Economic Impact of the Scottish Budget.
46 OECD, (2004), Understanding Economic Growth.
47 Skills Development Scotland Ltd will be the formal title of the new skills body, which will be established as a Non-Deparmental Public Body.
48 Note: The exact basis of both emissions targets, including whether they will be based on a basket of greenhouse gases or CO 2 emissions alone, will be decided after the public consultation on the proposals for the Bill.