Glossary of Terms:
Following one of the recommendations from the Scottish Council for Research in Education (SCRE) Centre report into the effects of mainstreaming, the Executive has produced this glossary of terms relating to mainstream and specialist educational provision. Local authorities and grant-aided and independent schools are requested to have regard to this glossary when collecting data on their pupil population. This will help to ensure uniform information is gathered which will be used to inform policy development in this area.
A school is to be identified as a special school if the sole or main purpose of the school (or stand alone unit) is to provide education specially suited to the additional support needs of children and young persons selected for attendance at the school (or unit) by reason of those needs. (The school or unit will have its own SEED code, and will henceforth all be termed schools).
Integrated Special Unit/Class
A primary or secondary school is to be identified as having an integrated special unit/class if the sole or main purpose of any such class or other such unit forming part of the school is to provide education specially suited to the additional support needs of children or young persons selected for attendance at the class or unit by reason of those needs. (The class/unit may be located in the school or in a separate location, but will not have a separate SEED code).
A primary or secondary school is to be identified as a mainstream school if it is not a special school, as defined above.
A class in a primary or secondary mainstream school is classified as a mainstream class if it is not an integrated special unit or class. That is, it is not its sole or main purpose to provide education specially suited to the additional support needs of children and young persons selected for attendance at the class by reasons of those needs.
The class provides for the education of children and young people under the usual arrangements made by the local authority or school managers, in the case of an independent or grant-aided school.
Grant-Aided Special School
A grant-aided special school is identified as a school in respect of which grants are made by the Secretary of State [now The Scottish Ministers] to the managers of the school other than grants in aid of the employers' contributions provided for in Teachers (Superannuation) Regulations, but does not include a public school.
An independent school is identified as a school at which full-time education is provided for pupils of school age (whether or not such education is also provided for pupils under or over that age), not being a public school or a grant-aided school.
Reclassification of a Special School
Where a school previously categorised as a Special School/stand-alone unit, as above, is re-categorised as an integrated special unit/class attached to a mainstream school with education continuing on site, i.e. where the same provision remains for pupils, then this is not closure of a special school. Distinction should be made to ensure that the records do not reflect removal of provision where provision remains. However, where a Special School (or stand alone unit) is initially reclassified and then later closed, i.e. with provision no longer continuing on site, this should also be reflected in the records.
Services that are additional to the provision generally made for children of comparable age. This may take the form of teaching and/or non-teaching support.