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1 In this strategy, unless otherwise indicated, colleges refer to Scotland's colleges of further education, excluding Newbattle Abbey College, which is an adult residential college. References to schools include, where appropriate, new 'Learning Communities', which are groups of primary and secondary schools under one principal.

2 http://scotland.gov.uk/library5/education/aesaa-00.asp

3 http://scotland.gov.uk/library5/education/cerv-00.asp

4 The Executive's Social Justice targets on Closing the Opportunity Gap were announced in a reply to a Parliamentary Question on 9 December 2004. All answers to written parliamentary questions are available on the Parliament's website, the search facility is at http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/webapp/wa.search

5 Scottish Executive Education Department (2004) SQA attainment and school leaver qualifications in Scotland: 2002/03, a copy of which can be found on the Executive's website at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/stats/bulletins/00331-00.asp

6 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/lifelong/llsm-00.asp

7 A Partnership for a Better Scotland, published in May 2003, forms the basis of the Executive's programme for Government. It can be found on the Executive's website at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/government/pfbs-00.asp

8 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/health/glanhs-00.asp

9 Curricular flexibility was clarified and strengthened in the Executive's Circular 3/2001 Guidance on Flexibility in the Curriculum, which issued to Directors of Education in August 2001. A copy can be found on the Executive's website at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library3/education/circ3-00.asp

10 A copy of the Executive's response, published in March 2003, can be found on the Executive's website at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/education/dtsr-00.asp

11 A copy of the Executive's response, published in January 2003, can be found on the Executive's website at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/libary5/social/walt-01.asp

12 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/education/ndser-00.asp

13 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/lifelong/reie-00.asp

14 Students in Higher Education in Scotland: 2002-03, a copy of which can be found on the Executive's website at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/stats/bulletins/00342-00.asp

15 Higher Education in Scotland: A Base Line Report by Scottish Funding Council for Further and Higher Education, July 2004, a copy of which can be found on the Council's website at http://www.shefc.ac.uk/publications/baseline/baseline.html

16 The examples are not ranked.

17 The Scottish Executive has introduced financial support for all eligible 16 to 19 year olds from low-income families to allow them to continue their full-time education in schools or further education colleges. Education Maintenance Allowances are being rolled out to the whole of Scotland, providing up to £1,500 per year maintenance, beginning academic year 2004/05 with national roll-out by 2007/08.

18 A copy of the Act can be found at http://www.scotland-legislation.hmso.gov.uk/legislation/scotland/acts2004/20040004.htm

19 Specific activity of this type has not had to be identified for funding purposes previously and there is a need for data quality improvement which is currently being addressed by SFEFC. In the meantime SFEFC has made its best estimate based on the information available, which has been checked with colleges.

20 £35m of the £41.5m was delivered by the 2004 Spending Review for financial years 2006/07 and 2007/08.

23 This means that they will have 18 SCQF credit points at levels 2 and 3, and 24 SCQF credit points at levels 4-6.

24 SMEs are responsible for 53% of all private sector employment. 98% of business in Scotland have less than 50 employees. Source: Scottish Corporate Sector published by the Scottish Executive (2004)

21 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/enterprise/sssen-00.asp

22 Futureskills Scotland is part of Scottish Enterprise and Highlands & Islands Enterprise. Its aims are to: analyse the Scottish labour market to inform policy making; improve the availability, quality and consistency of labour market information and intelligence across Scotland; and work closely with Careers Scotland to provide the organisation and its clients (including further education colleges) with labour market information.

25 Orkney College and Shetland Colleges are under the management of their local education authority, but the same principle applies to them in respect of this matter.

26 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/education/ellspa-00.asp

27 Management of School/College Partnerships and the Main Operational Issues Involved, a copy of which can be found on the Executive's website at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/education/mscpr-00.asp

28 Protecting Children and Young People: A Framework for Standards, a copy of which can be found on the Executive's website at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/education/pcypfs-00.asp

29 A copy of the Act can be found at http://www.legislation.hmso.gov.uk/acts/acts1992/Ukpga-19920013-en-1.htm

30 Student and staff performance indicators for further education colleges in Scotland 2002-03 (Scottish Further Education Funding Council). A copy can be found on the Council's website at http://www.sfefc.ac.uk/publications/pi-2002-03/pdfs/SFCPI.pdf

31 Scotland is Changing, Association of Scottish Colleges, 2003. A copy of which can be found at http://www.ascol.org.uk/pdf/dlw.pdf