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Disability and Employment in Scotland: A Review of the Evidence Base

DescriptionThe report discusses the evidence base in relation to disabled people's access to and participation within the labour market and identifies gaps in current research in order to inform future research
Official Print Publication Date
Website Publication DateJanuary 11, 2005


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Disability and Employment in Scotland: A Review of the Evidence Base

Sheila Riddell, Moray House School of Education, University of Edinburgh
Pauline Banks, Strathclyde Centre for Disability Research, University of Glasgow
Teresa Tinklin, Centre for Educational Sociology, University of Edinburgh

This document is also available in pdf format (872k)


List of Tables and Figures


Executive Summary

Chapter One Background to the Review
Introduction and aims of the review
Scope of the review
Disability and employment: UK and Scottish Government responsibilities
Methods employed in the review
Structure of the report

Chapter Two Disabled People and Employment Policy and Legislation: the UK Context
The UK Government's employment and benefits policy for disabled people
'Incapacity benefits'
1998 Green Paper New Ambitions for our Country: A New Contract for Welfare
2002 Green Paper Pathways to Work: Helping Disabled People into Employment
The New Deal for Disabled People (NDDP)
Benefits, tax credits and work incentives
The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) 1995
The impact of the National Minimum Wage (NMW)

Chapter Three Disability and Employment in Scotland: a review of the data
Definitions of disability
The prevalence and distribution of disabled people in Scotland
Economic activity amongst people with and without LLTI in Scotland
Potential barriers to labour market participation
Benefit receipt among disabled people
Summary of findings

Chapter Four Disabled People and Employment Policy and Legislation: the Scottish Context
The Scottish equalities agenda
The Scottish social justice agenda
Structures and agencies

Chapter Five UK and Scottish Programmes and Initiatives
Jobcentre Plus disability employment programmes
Scottish programmes
The effectiveness of forms of employment support

Chapter Six Experiences of Specific Groups
People with learning disabilities
People with mental health problems
People with chronic illnesses/progressive conditions
People with sensory impairments
Disabled young people
Disabled students and graduates
Older disabled workers
Disabled parents and employment
Employment and multiple disadvantage
Absent voices: disabled people's and employers' perspectives

Chapter Seven Conclusion
Summary of findings
Future research priorities
Implications of findings for different groups



Appendix One

List of Tables

Table 2.1 Number of benefit claimants by statistical group and per cent of the working age population represented by each group in May 2003
Table 2.2 Male incapacity benefit claimants August 2001 - top 20 DSS districts
Table 2.3 Per cent of working age population claiming incapacity benefits and employment rates of working age disabled people by JCP region/country
Table 2.4 Risk of poverty by disability and employment status
Table 2.5 Worklessness in working age households with and without disabled adults 2001
Table 2.6 Quintile distribution of household income (after housing costs) for working age adults by disability, GB 2001/2
Table 2.7 The reported conditions of incapacity benefit claimants, May 2002
Table 2.8 Trends in employment rates 1998-2002 (Great Britain)
Table 3.1 LLTI and age group by general health (percentage of people with and without LLTI whose health is good or fairly good in each age group)
Table 3.2 Prevalence of people with LLTI (aged 16-74) in Scotland, Northern Ireland, England and Wales (frequency and percentage)
Table 3.3 LLTI by gender and age group (percentage of males and females with LLTI in each age group)
Table 3.4 LLTI by ethnic group (frequency and percentage)
Table 3.5 Economic activity of Scottish disabled and non disabled people of working age (percentages)
Table 3.6 Economic activity by gender and LLTI (percentage of people with and without LLTI)
Table 3.7 LLTI and approximated social grade by age group and gender (percentage of age group and gender category)
Table 3.8 Level of education by LLTI, age and gender (percentage of age group and gender category)
Table 3.9 LLTI and economic activity by highest qualification (percentage of people with and without LLTI within qualification grade)
Table 3.10 Economic activity amongst working age people with LLTI by SHS Urban Rural Classification (frequency)
Table 3.11 Allowances and awards of DLA by age and sex: Scotland, August 2003
Table 3.12 Awards of DLA by disability: Scotland, year to August 2003
Table 3.13 LLTI and age group by tenure (percentage of people with and without LLTI who own or rent their homes)

Table 4.1 Percentage of working age people in employment in Scotland from relatively disadvantaged groups in the labour market, 1997-2003
Table 5.1 Outcomes reported from the Interim Evaluation of Phase 2 of the New Futures Fund, 2003
Table 6.1 Adults with learning disabilities who have employment opportunities
Table 6.2 Estimated level of places in Scotland for people with mental health problems

List of Figures
Figure 3.1 People of working age by different definitions of disability: United Kingdom, Autumn 2001, not seasonally adjusted
Figure 3.2 Proportion of population with LLTI by local authority (percentage)
Figure 3.3 Economic activity by LLTI and age group (percentage of people of working age)
Figure 3.4 General health by LLTI (percentage of people in Scotland of working age)
Figure 3.5 Proportion of people with LLTI in employment by LA (percentage)
Figure 3.6 Method of travel to work by LLTI (percentage of people in employment)
Figure 3.7 People of working age in receipt of incapacity benefits by local authority (percentage)
Figure 6.1 Stroke: standardised mortality ratios (SMR) by deprivation category and age group (1994-1998)

The views expressed in this report are those of the researcher and
do not necessarily represent those of the Department or Scottish Ministers.

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