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Programme for international student assessment 2000 — scotland analysis

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PROGRAMME FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSESSMENT 2000 - SCOTLAND ANALYSIS

Country of Birth

3. In all countries bar one, students whose parents were born outside the testing country perform worse than students whose parents were born in the country (native students). Students who themselves were born outside of the testing country (non-native students) perform worse still. The difference between native and first generation students is more marked in Scotland than in the rest of the UK, but less than in most OECD countries. The difference between first generation and non-native students is less in Scotland than in most OECD countries, including the rest of the UK, although in 4 OECD countries, non-native students outperform first generation students.

Table 12. Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by students' and parents' country of birth, by country

Native students

(students who were born in the country of assessment with at least one of their parents born in the same country)

First-generation students

(students who were born in the country of assessment but whose parents were foreign-born)

Non-native students

(students who were foreign-born and whose parents were also foreign-born

Percentage of students

Performance on the PISA reading literacy scale

Percentage of students

Performance on the PISA reading literacy scale

Percentage of students

Performance on the PISA reading literacy scale

Mean score

Mean score

Mean score

OECD countries

Australia

77.4

532

10.7

528

11.9

513

Austria

90.4

515

3.7

453

5.9

422

Belgium

88.0

522

8.6

411

3.4

431

Canada

79.5

538

10.8

539

9.8

511

Czech Republic

98.9

501

0.6

*

0.5

*

Denmark

93.8

504

2.4

409

3.8

433

Finland

98.7

548

0.2

*

1.0

468

France

88.0

512

9.8

471

2.2

434

Germany

84.8

507

5.1

432

10.1

419

Greece

95.2

478

0.5

*

4.3

403

Hungary

98.3

482

0.1

*

1.6

486

Iceland

99.2

509

0.2

*

0.6

*

Ireland

97.7

528

0.9

519

1.4

573

Italy

99.1

489

0.2

*

0.8

445

Japan

99.9

525

0.0

*

0.1

*

Luxembourg

65.8

474

17.8

399

16.4

370

Mexico

96.4

427

1.1

378

2.5

329

New Zealand

80.4

538

6.4

507

13.2

507

Norway

95.4

510

1.5

464

3.1

449

Poland

99.7

482

0.0

*

0.2

*

Portugal

96.9

472

1.8

463

1.4

450

SCOTLAND

97.8

526

1.5

499

0.7

487

Spain

98.0

494

0.6

450

1.4

460

Sweden

89.5

523

4.7

485

5.9

450

Switzerland

79.3

514

9.3

460

11.4

402

United Kingdom

90.4

528

7.0

510

2.6

456

United States

86.4

511

7.4

478

6.1

466

OECD total

91.3

503

4.6

479

4.1

452

OECD average

91.0

506

4.3

467

4.7

446

Non-OECD countries

Brazil

99.6

398

0.3

*

0.1

*

Latvia

77.9

462

1.5

423

20.6

454

Liechtenstein

79.4

500

10.2

446

10.4

392

Russian Federation

95.4

463

1.8

452

2.8

458

* based on too few responses to be valid