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The Speeding Driver: Who, How and Why?

DescriptionA follow up on previous studies in 1991, 1994 and 1996 on the causes and consequences of speeding to provide a comprehensive picture of that attitudes and behaviours of speeding drivers in Scotland.
ISBN0-7559-3577-2
Official Print Publication Date
Website Publication DateAugust 14, 2003

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2003

THE SPEEDING DRIVER: WHO, HOW AND WHY?

S Hope, NFO System Three Social Research
I A Allan, R S J Gorell, J P Hill & M G Winter, TRL Limited,
S G Stradling & M Campbell, Transport Research Institute, Napier University,

This document is also available in pdf format (1MB)
CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
INTRODUCTION
MAIN FINDINGS
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION TO THE REPORT
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW
INTRODUCTION
WHO SPEEDS?
WHY DO DRIVERS SPEED?
IS SPEEDING A 'REAL' CRIME?
WHAT WILL STOP DRIVERS SPEEDING?
SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
CHAPTER THREE FOCUS GROUPS AND INTERVIEWS
FOCUS GROUP MEMBERSHIP AND TOPICS
GROUP 1 - HIGH MILEAGE MALE DRIVERS (30 - 60 YEARS)
GROUP 2 - HIGH MILEAGE FEMALE DRIVERS (30 - 60 YEARS)
GROUP 3 - PROFESSIONAL MALES (30 - 60 YEARS)
GROUP 4 - PROFESSIONAL FEMALES (30 - 60)
GROUP 5 - SMALL TOWN/RURAL - MALES & FEMALES (20 - 35 YEARS)
GROUP 6 - MOTHERS OF NURSERY AGE CHILDREN (25 - 35 YEARS)
GROUP 7 - YOUNG MALES (17 - 20 YEARS)
GROUP 8 - INEXPERIENCED FEMALE DRIVERS (20 - 29)
SUMMARY OF FOCUS GROUP FINDINGS
INTERVIEWS WITH ACCIDENT-INVOLVED DRIVERS
CHAPTER FOUR REVIEW OF CAMPAIGNS AND INITIATIVES
METHODOLOGY
CONSULTATION FINDINGS - ROAD SAFETY UNITS WITHIN LOCAL AUTHORITIES
CONSULTATION FINDINGS - ROAD SAFETY UNITS WITHIN POLICE FORCES
CONSULTATION FINDINGS - ROAD SAFETY ENGINEERING MEASURES
CONSULTATION FINDINGS - SCOTTISH ROAD SAFETY CAMPAIGN
CONCLUSIONS
CHAPTER FIVE POLICE RECORDS OF DRIVERS REPORTED FOR SPEEDING OFFENCES
INTRODUCTION
RESULTS OF PREVIOUS RESEARCH
METHODOLOGY
ANALYSIS
COMPARISON WITH RESULTS OF 1996 ANALYSIS
CONCLUSIONS
CHAPTER SIX DEMOGRAPHICS AND CAR USE
SURVEY DESIGN
DEMOGRAPHICS
CAR USE
CHAPTER SEVEN SPEED CHOICES
KNOWLEDGE OF SPEED LIMITS
REPORTED 'NORMAL' SPEED FOR DIFFERENT ROAD TYPES
REPORTED 'PREFERRED' SPEED FOR DIFFERENT ROAD TYPES
FACTORS AFFECTING SPEED CHOICES WHILE DRIVING
NORMATIVE INFLUENCES ON DRIVER SPEED CHOICE
FREQUENCY OF SPEEDING AND OTHER INFRINGEMENTS
JUDGED SERIOUSNESS OF INFRINGEMENTS
LIKELIHOOD OF GETTING CAUGHT
CHAPTER EIGHT SPEED LIMITS AND SPEED ENFORCEMENT
ATTITUDE TO SPEED LIMITS ON SEVEN DIFFERENT ROAD TYPES
ATTITUDES TO SPEEDING PENALTIES
SPEED CAMERAS
STOPPED BY THE POLICE
FLASHED BY A SPEED CAMERA
CHAPTER NINE ROAD SAFETY ADVERTISING AND ENGINEERING MEASURES
PUBLICITY MEASURES
ENGINEERING MEASURES
CHAPTER TEN ACCIDENT HISTORY, SPEEDING BEHAVIOUR AND CRASH INVOLVEMENT
ACCIDENT HISTORY
SPEEDING BEHAVIOUR AND CRASH INVOLVMENT
CHAPTER ELEVEN COMPARISON WITH PREVIOUS STUDIES, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
COMPARISON WITH PREVIOUS STUDIES
CONCLUSIONS
REFERENCES
APPENDIX A INTERVIEWS WITH ACCIDENT-INVOLVED DRIVERS
INTERVIEW QUESTIONS
MALE 28 YEARS
FEMALE 49 YEARS
APPENDIX B POLICE RECORDS DATA TABLES
APPENDIX C POLICE RECORDS CAMERA OFFENCES
APPENDIX D DISTRIBUTION OF HOUSEHOLD SURVEY SAMPLING POINTS
APPENDIX E PHOTOGRAPHS OF SEVEN ROAD TYPES

The views expressed in this report are those of the researcher and
do not necessarily represent those of the Department or Scottish Ministers.

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