We have a new website go to gov.scot

High quality, sustainable homes

​4safe

increaseSHQS section on safe and secure

Percent passing HSS

The percentage of houses passing the Scottish Housing Quality Standard (SHQS) on health, safety and security increased by 3.2% points between 2011 and 2013, reaching 85.9% in 2013. Following this increase, the rate remained fairly similar until 2015. In the last 2 years there has been a 3% point increase from 86% in 2015 to 89% in 2017, with the latest annual increase of 2.1 % points leading to an “improving” performance for this indicator.

This standard covers a range of safety and security measures including :

Safe: smoke alarms; energy supply systems/appliances; common lifts, internal/external areas, refuse chutes and bin stores.

Adequate: common/public lighting

Secure: dwelling door locks &  common entry systems; with common front and rear doors in a good state of repair.

Warm

No changeFuel poverty

 

fuel poverty rates

Nb. WHD refers to Warm Home Discount in the chart above, which has been taken into account since 2011, in the calculation of Fuel Poverty.

In 2017, 24.9% of households (613,000) were estimated to be in fuel poverty, a similar level to 2016 (26.5% or 649,000 households). This follows a period of annual decreases between 2014 and 2016, with 2017 the lowest rate recorded by the survey since 2005/06.

Around 7.0% (174,000 households) were living in extreme fuel poverty in 2017 which is similar to the 7.5% (183,000 households) in the previous year

Between 2016 and 2017 there was a 6% nominal increase in mean income of households  surveyed in the Scottish House Conditions Survey, the source of fuel poverty estimates. Over the same period, average weighted fuel prices increased by 1.2%, reflecting increases in electricity (up 6.7%) and liquid fuels (up 24%), as well as a fall in gas (down 1%). There was also an improvement in some of the energy efficiency measures of the housing stock, although this varied by dwelling characteristics. These key drivers of fuel poverty combined to result in no real change between the 2016 and 2017 fuel poverty rates.

In the longer term, fuel prices increased by 158% between 2003/04 and 2017, whilst average household incomes rose by 50% in comparison and there was a 41% increase in the proportion of dwelling with a SAP energy efficiency rating of A-D. The large increase in fuel prices has been the key driver in fuel poverty increases between 2003/04 and 2014, whilst a fall in fuel prices in 2 of the last 3 years has also been the main driver for more recent reductions in fuel poverty, along with rising incomes in the last year.

Resource efficient

increase Energy efficiency - Median SAP 2012 rating

energy efficiency

There was a substantial improvement in the energy efficiency of the housing stock, as measured by the 2009 Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP), between 2010 and 2014. The median SAP 2009 score increased by 8% from 62 in 2010 to 67 in 2014, although it remained at this level in 2015 and 2016, before increasing to 68 in 2017.

SAP 2009 has now been replaced by the latest, improved, industry standard of SAP 2012. The median SAP 2012 score was 2 points below SAP 2009 in 2014 and 2015, but it has shown an improvement of 2 points in the latest  two year from 65 to 67.

The historic distribution of SAP 2009 scores shows that the biggest increase since 2010 has occurred in the 71-80 band, rising from 16% to 33% of the stock. The biggest decreases have occurred in the 51-60 and 41-50 bands, falling by 8.5% and 6.6% points respectively.

energy efficiency banded

The uptake of energy efficiency schemes in Scotland since 2010/11, as shown in the following tables, have made a substantial contribution to improvements in the energy efficiency of the housing stock. (Please note that uptake for some of schemes in 2017/18 was still being finalised at the time of this publication and will be updated in due course.)

Energy Efficiency Schemes in Scotland                
    2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 2017/18
Carbon Emission Reduction Target (CERT)                
Cavity Wall Insulation   43,000 49,000 40,000          
Loft Insulation   65,000 112,000 142,000          
Energy Company Obligation (ECO)                  
Cavity Wall Insulation         31,000 27,000 16,000 8,000 10,000
Loft Insulation         10,000 21,000 8,000 13,000 7,000
Boiler Scrappage Scheme                  
Households received subsidy for boiler replacement 7,117 12,512 19,715          
Home Insulation Scheme (HIS) & Universal Home Insulation Scheme (UHIS) 2            
Loft - virgin   6,759 9,335 14,920          
Loft - top-up   22,808 18,884 21,017          
Cavity Wall   12,092 13,548 19,353          
Internal Wall   42 106 144          
External Wall   0 0 1,007          
Other   4,661 9,378 9,806          
2 Not final 2012/13 figures                  
Energy Assistance Package (EAP)                  
Stage 1 Energy saving advice   126,855 42,104 51,732 43,173 42,385 36,382 33,322  
Stage 2 Income maximisation referral   19,856 7,808 9,933 9,841 10,873 10,329 8,396  
Stage 2 Energy Cost reduction referral 30,939 7,786 10,375 13,595 13,767 11,455 6,790  
Stage 3 Insulation referral   9,440 5,147 870 0 0 0 0  
Stage 4 Referral for enhanced energy efficiency measures 24,406 15,580 20,215 5,743 6,559 4,027 8,967  
Referral to Affordable Warmth Scheme (AWS)       8,139 2,320 1,992 0  
Referral to Area Based Scheme (ABS)       6,031 5,753 7,271 2,233  
Home Energy Efficiency Programmes Scotland (HEEPS)
  2013/2014 2014/15
  Affordable Warmth Scheme Energy Assistance Scheme Area Based Schemes HEEPS Total Affordable Warmth Scheme Energy Assistance Scheme Area Based Schemes Cashback schemes HEEPS Total
Gas boiler replacement 2,059   2,834 4,893     431 2,108 2,539
Gas boiler repair 3   0 3         0
Full gas central heating system 81 5,386 0 5,467   5,522     5,522
Other central heating system 81 1,018 804 1,903   953 160 7 1,120
Heating controls 552   30 582     3 106 109
Loft 28   1,736 1,764     1,797 555 2,352
Cavity (normal) 22   2,306 2,328     1,151 799 1,950
Cavity (HTT) 1   2,998 2,999     3,205   3,205
Solid wall insulation     12,692 12,692     11,477 2,124 13,601
Other Insulation   374 571 945   289 887   1,176
Draughtproofing     53 53     44 81 125
Windows     443 443     20 6 26
Other     286 286     286 278 564
Total HEEPS 2,827 6,778 24,753 34,358   6,764 19,461 6,064 32,289

 

  Home Energy Efficiency Programmes Scotland (HEEPS)
  2015/16
  Area Based Schemes Cashback schemes Warmer Homes Scotland HEEPS Loans HEEPS Total
Gas boiler replacement 319 2,787   207 3,313
Gas boiler repair         -
Full gas central heating system     1,567 42 1,609
Other central heating system 16   294 29 339
Heating controls   25   1 26
Loft 915 465 176 13 1,569
Cavity (normal) 1,405 615 80 11 2,111
Cavity (HTT) 2,203 191     2,394
Solid wall insulation 11,819 2,282 63 68 14,232
Other Insulation 816 139 963 25 1,943
Draughtproofing 57 206   5 268
Windows 12     30 42
Other 5       5
Total HEEPS 17,567 6,710 3,143 431 27,851
  2016/17
  ​Area Based Schemes Capital Expenditure Scheme Warmer Homes Scotland HEEPS loans HEEPS RSL loans HEEPS Total
Gas boiler replacement 11 1,733 3,770 888 274 6,676
Gas boiler repair - - - - - -
Full gas central heating system - - - 158 - 158
Other central heating system 40 403 242 39 45 769
Heating controls 3 168 4,010 4 281 4,466
Loft 757 135 703 64 15 ​1,674
Cavity (normal) 232 68 170 33 18 521
Cavity (HTT) 1,654 204 - - - ​1,858
Solid wall insulation 9,454 493 232 178 202 10,599
Other Insulation 437 325 133 56

4

955
Draughtproofing 90 38 250 17 - ​395
Windows 14 133 555 255 215 ​1,172
Other 537 148 3,639 110 - ​4,434
Total HEEPS 13,229 3,848 13,704 1,802 1,054 33,637

 

No changeDisrepair to critical elements

disrepair critcal elements tenure

disrepair critical elements age

Critical elements are defined as those whose condition is central to a dwelling being wind and weather proof, structurally stable and safeguarded against rapid deterioration.

This indicator measures any level of disrepair to critical elements, no matter how small.

Between 2009 and 2011, there was an increase in the percentage of homes with disrepair to critical elements across all tenure types, with the Scotland level increasing by 6.6% points from 55.3% in 2009 to 61.9% in 2011. Since then the rate decreased for 5 consecutive years, falling by 13.5% points to 48.4% in 2016. The rate of 49.6% in 2017 was not significantly higher than the previous year.

Since 2011, there has been a decrease across all tenures, with the biggest decreases occurring in Housing Association and Co-Operative Stock (down 15.5% points). There were similar decreases for Local Authority Stock and Owner Occupied Stock (both down 12.6% points), with a smaller decrease for Private Rented Stock (down 6.0% points).

In 2017, Local Authority Stock and Private Rented Stock had the highest level of disrepair to critical elements at 61% and 59% respectively. 

There is also a clear pattern of older dwellings having a higher level of disrepair than newer dwellings, particularly compared to those built post-1982.

 

Promote Wellbeing

No change​ Satisfaction with condition of the home (SCHS)

satisfied condition home

There was a marked increase in the percentage of people who were satisfied with the condition of their home between 2015 and 2016, rising 3.1% points to 83.7%.

The 2017 percentage of 83.0% is not significantly lower than the previous year.

No change Percentage of people with access to greenspace (5 minute walk or less)

Walking distance green or blue space

The results show that in 2017: 64.7% of people can access useable green or blue space areas, within 5 minutes walk or less; 20.2% need to walk 6-10 minutes and 13.9% are 11 or more minutes walk away and 1.2% did not know.

The results show a small (none statistically significant) decrease of 0.7% points in the latest year, in the percentage of   people within 5 minutes walk from useable green or blue space. However this has been the 3rd consecutive annual decrease from 68.6% in 2014, with more people now needing to walk longer to access useable greenspace.  

View indicator data

A consolidated version of the all the indicators and commentary and a master spreadsheet containing all the underlying data and graphics along with information on indicator sources, direction thresholds. latest and next update are available for download from this page.

TOP