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Technical Note: Reduce the percentage of adults who smoke

Reduce the percentage of adults who smoke

DESCRIPTION:

The proportion of adults aged 16+ years who are current smokers as measured by the Scottish Health Survey.

SOURCE:

Scottish Health Survey

The source is a National Statistics output.

There are regular Annual Reports, supplementary tables and Topic Reports arising from the Scottish Health Survey which can be accessed on the Scottish Government website: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/scottish-health-survey

Results at NHS Board level are available every four years.

The proportion smoking is the proportion of respondents answering 'yes' when asked if they smoke cigarettes at all nowadays.

The annual denominator population for the Scottish Health Survey is approximately 4,800 adults aged 16+ years.

Note: The source used to monitor this target was changed to the Scottish Health Survey (previously the Scottish Household Survey) in 2016.  The rationale for this change was:

  • Scottish Health Survey data was used as the basis in the formulation of the Scottish Government policy target to reduce smoking prevalence to 5% or lower by 2034.

  • The Scottish Health Survey contains a self-completion component which gives the youngest adults privacy when answering the survey question.

  • The Scottish Health Survey is used as the source for another Scottish Government policy target to reduce the proportion of children exposed to second hand smoke to 6% by 2020.

The Scottish Health Survey has been chosen as the preferred source and the other surveys which include this question (the Scottish Household Survey and Scottish Crime and Justice Survey) will contribute (alongside the Scottish Health Survey) to pooled samples in the Scottish Surveys Core Questions (SSCQ).  The SSCQ will be the preferred source to monitor smoking prevalence for some population sub-groups, due to its larger combined sample size.  These breakdowns are provided on the Scotland Performs page for this indicator.

DEFINITIONS:

Current smoker refers to adults who say they smoke at all nowadays.

Adults are defined as those aged 16 years and over.

BASELINE AND PAST TRENDS:

The baseline year is 2003 as this is the last data point before the first term of the current administration.  The baseline figure is 28%.

Percentage of adults aged 16+ years who are current smokers

Year

Adults (aged 16+)

2003

28%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008

26%

2009

25%
2010

25%

2011

23%

2012

25%

2013

21%

2014

22%

2015

21%

CRITERIA FOR RECENT CHANGE ARROW:

The evaluation is based on: any difference within +/- 2 percentage points of last year's figure suggests that the position is more likely to be maintaining than showing any change. A decrease of 2 percentage points or more suggests the position is improving; whereas an increase of 2 percentage points or more suggests the position is worsening.

For information on general methodological approach, please click here.

FUTURE ISSUES OR REVIEWS:

No issues.

ASSOCIATED TARGET:

Creating a Tobacco-Free Generation: To reduce smoking prevalence in Scotland to 5 per cent or lower by 2034.